Dataset Information


Airway Inflammation and Lung Function in Sickle Cell Disease.

ABSTRACT: Rationale: Asthma is a common comorbid condition in sickle cell disease (SCD). However, obstructive lung disease is prevalent in SCD, independent of a diagnosis of asthma. It is speculated that the heightened state of inflammation in SCD, involving pathways distinct from allergic asthma, may underlie the SCD-specific obstructive disease. Objective: The objective of the study was to compare airway and systemic inflammatory markers between SCD patients with pulmonary manifestations and patients with allergic asthma, and correlate the discriminating inflammatory markers with clinical measures of pulmonary disease. Materials and Methods: In a pilot translational study conducted at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore, 15 patients with SCD, and history of asthma, airway obstruction, or airway hyper-reactivity, and 15 control patients with allergic asthma 6-21 years of age were recruited. Inflammatory markers, including peripheral blood T helper cell subsets, serum and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) cytokines and chemokines of the Th-1/Th-17, Th-2, and monocytic pathways, and serum cysteinyl leukotrienes B4 (LTB4), were quantified, compared between the study groups, and correlated with atopic sensitization, pulmonary function tests, and markers of hemolysis. Results: White blood cells (P?


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6761598 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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