Elevated preoperative platelet distribution width predicts poor prognosis in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
ABSTRACT: Activated platelets play a multifaceted role in tumorigenesis and progression. Platelet distribution width (PDW) is generally applied platelet parameters from routine blood test. Preoperative PDW has been considered a prognostic factor in many cancers. Nevertheless, the prognostic value of PDW in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unknown. The study aimed to investigate whether preoperative PDW could serve as a prognostic factor in patients with ESCC. A total of 495 patients with ESCC undergoing curative surgery were enrolled. The relationship between PDW and clinical features in ESCC was analyzed using chi-square tests. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off value. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) stratified by PDW were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to evaluate the prognostic effect of PDW. Of the 495 patients, elevated PDW was observed in 241(48.7%) of the patients, respectively. An elevated PDW was correlated with depth of tumor (T stage, P?=?0.031), nerve infiltration (P?=?0.016), hospital time after operation (P?=?0.020), platelet (P?
Project description:Activated platelets promote tumor cell growth, angiogenesis, and invasion. Platelet activity can be inferred by platelet volume indices (PVIs), which include platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width-to-platelet count ratio (PDW/P), and mean platelet volume-to-platelet count ratio. Platelets and platelet-related markers, such as the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, have been found to be significant prognostic factors in patients with breast cancer. However, the role of PVIs for predicting survival in breast cancer remains unknown; hence, we performed this retrospective analysis of 275 patients with breast cancer. PVIs were compared with clinicopathological variables, and were assessed to identify independent indicators associated with disease-free survival (DFS) using the Cox proportional hazards model. An elevated PDW/P significantly correlated with age and HER2 status. Univariate analysis revealed that elevated PDW, MPV, and PDW/P as well as tumor size, nuclear grade, and lymph node involvement were significantly associated with inferior DFS rates (tumor size: p<0.01; nuclear grade, lymph node involvement, PDW, MPV, and PDW/P: p<0.05). On multivariate analysis, a large tumor size and elevated PDW/P were significant prognostic factors for DFS, with hazard ratios of 3.24 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.24-8.47) and 2.99 (95% CI: 1.18-7.57), respectively (p<0.05). Our study is the first to reveal that an elevated PDW/P significantly reduces DFS in patients with breast carcinoma. Measuring the PDW/P is simple, relatively inexpensive, and almost universally available using routine blood counts; this makes it an attractive biomarker for improved risk assessment.
Project description:Previous studies demonstrated that several inflammation-based hematological indices are closely related to various malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, the prognostic value of inflammation-based markers, including a combination index termed coNLR-PDW, comprising the preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet distribution width (PDW), was evaluated in 206 patients with non-metastatic CRC treated with surgery at a single medical center. The association of patient demographics, blood chemistry, and serum biochemical indices with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were examined through univariate and multivariate analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed the optimal cut-off values of the NLR and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) to be, respectively, 2.0 and 3.32 for both RFS and OS. For PDW, cut-off values of 17.25% and 17.35% were defined for RFS and OS, respectively. On univariate analysis, lymph node involvement, stage, presence of intravascular emboli (IVE), carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) ? 35 kU/L, NLR ? 2.0, LMR ? 3.32, elevated PDW, a high coNLR-PDW score, high blood glucose, and high neutrophil and lymphocyte percentages correlated with poorer RFS and OS (P < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, lymph node involvement, IVE, CA199, PDW, and coNLR-PDW correlated with both RFS and OS (P < 0.05), while NLR correlated only with OS (P = 0.001). These results highlight the usefulness of the coNLR-PDW index as a prognostic marker of non-metastatic CRC outcome. In clinical practice, its assessment could contribute to establishing more personalized regimes for patients undergoing tumor resection surgery.
Project description:Activated platelets promote cancer progression and metastasis. However, the prognostic value of platelet indices in laryngeal cancer remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive significance of platelet indices in laryngeal cancer.Of the 241 patients, high platelet distribution width (PDW) levels were observed in 116 (48.1 %) patients. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, increased PDW was significantly associated with a poorer overall survival (p < 0.001). In the multivariate Cox model, PDW was an independent prognostic index for overall survival (HR=4.381, 95% CI=2.313-8.298, P < 0.001).The retrospective study included 241 consecutive patients with laryngeal cancer between January 2009 and December 2009. The relationships between PDW and clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were used to evaluate the prognostic impact of PDW.Elevated PDW might be a novel prognostic marker in laryngeal cancer.
Project description:Platelets play a multifaceted role in cancer progression and metastasis. Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) are commonly used platelet parameters from routine blood test. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between platelet indices and prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 270 patients who were diagnosed with NSCLC between January 2009 and December 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' characteristics and hematologic tests data at initial diagnosis were collected. The overall survival rate was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic analysis was carried out with univariate and multivariate Cox regressions model. Reduced PDW was significantly correlated with T stage, N stage, TNM stage, and histological type of the disease. Moreover, survival analysis showed that the overall survival of patients with PDW???16.3% was significantly longer than that of those with PDW?<?16.3% (P?<?0.001). In multivariate Cox regression model, age, sex, TNM stage, and PDW were identified as independent prognostic factors for overall survival (for PDW, P?<?0.001). In conclusion, reduced PDW is an unfavorable predictive factor of NSCLC patient survival. Further studies are warranted.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Increasing studies have demonstrated that activated platelets play an essential role in tumour progression. However, the level and prognostic role of platelet indices in chordoma patients remain unclear. The aim of the current study was to characterize the prognostic performance of platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) in skull base chordoma patients. METHODS:187 primary skull base chordoma patients between January 2008 and September 2014 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The optimal cut-off values were determined by X-tile software, and the correlations between PLT, MPV, PDW and clinicopathological features were further analysed. Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression analysis were used for survival analysis. RESULTS:The values of preoperative PTL, MPV and PDW ranged from 104 to 501?×?109/L, 6.7 to 14.2?fl, and 7.8 to 26.2%, respectively. Elevated PLT was associated with larger tumour volume (p?=?0.002). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that increased MPV and PDW were associated with shorter overall survival (p?=?0.022 and 0.008, respectively). Importantly, multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that elevated PDW was an independent unfavourable predictive factor for overall survival (hazard ratio (HR), 2.154, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.258-3.688, p?=?0.005). CONCLUSIONS:Our data show that elevated MPV and PDW are associated with poor outcomes in skull base chordoma and that PDW may be helpful to identify patients with high risk.
Project description:Activated platelets promote tumor cell growth, aberrant angiogenesis, and invasion. However, the value of platelet indices for predicting survival in gastric cancer remains unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the predictive significance of platelet indices in gastric cancer.Reduced platelet distribution width (PDW) was significantly correlated with age, carcinoembryonic antigen, tumor stage, nodule stage, and tumor-nodule-metastases stage. Moreover, decreased PDW correlated with a shorter overall survival in gastric cancer. Multivariate analysis identified PDW as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (hazard ratio: 0.493, 95% confidence interval: 0.319-0.761, p = 0.001).A total of 294 patients with gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed between January 2009 and December 2009. The association between platelet indices and overall survival were evaluated. The prognostic analysis was carried out with Cox regression model.PDW is easily available with routine blood counts. Our data revealed that reduced PDW is unfavorable prognostic factor in gastric cancer. Further studies are warranted.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Tenascin-C, an adhesion modulatory extracellular matrix molecule, is highly expressed in numerous human malignancies; thus, it may contribute to carcinogenesis and tumor progression. We explored the clinicopathological significance of Tenascin-C as a prognostic determinant of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS:In ESCC patient tissues and cell lines, the presence of isoforms were examined using western blotting. We then investigated Tenascin-C immunohistochemical expression in 136 ESCC tissue samples. The clinical relevance of Tenascin-C expression and the correlation between Tenascin-C expression and expression of other factors related to cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) were also determined. RESULTS:Both 250 and 350 kDa sized isoforms of Tenascin-C were expressed only in esophageal cancer tissue not in normal tissue. Furthermore, both isoforms were also identified in all of four CAFs derived from esophageal cancer tissues. Tenascin-C expression was remarkably higher in ESCC than in adjacent non-tumor esophageal epithelium (p < 0.001). Tenascin-C expression in ESCC stromal fibroblasts was associated with patient's age, tumor (pT) stage, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, and cancer recurrence. Tenascin-C expression in cancer cells was correlated with an increase in tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) population, cancer recurrence, and hypoxia inducible factor1? (HIF1?) expression. Moreover, Tenascin-C overexpression in cancer cells and stromal fibroblasts was an independent poor prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). In the Cox proportional hazard regression model, Tenascin-C overexpression in cancer cells and stromal fibroblasts was a significant independent hazard factor for OS and DFS in ESCC patients in both univariate and multivariate analyses. Furthermore, Tenascin-C expression in stromal fibroblasts of the ESCC patients was positively correlated with platelet-derived growth factor ? (PDGFR?), PDGFR?, and smooth muscle actin (SMA) expression. The 5-year OS and DFS rates were remarkably lower in patients with positive expressions of both Tenascin-C and PDGFR? (p < 0.001), Tenascin-C and PDGFR? (p < 0.001), Tenascin-C and SMA (p < 0.001), Tenascin-C and fibroblast activation protein (FAP) (p < 0.001), and Tenascin-C and fibroblast-stimulating protein-1 (FSP1) (p < 0.001) in ESCC stromal fibroblasts than in patients with negative expressions of both Tenascin-C and one of the abovementioned CAF markers. CONCLUSION:Our results show that Tenascin-C is a reliable and significant prognostic factor in ESCC. Tenascin-C may thus be a potent ESCC therapeutic target.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The prognostic value of elevated pretreatment platelet counts remains controversial in lung cancer patients. We performed the present meta-analysis to determine its precise role in these patients. METHODS:We employed a multiple search strategy in the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases to identify eligible studies. Disease-free survival (DFS)/progression-free survival (PFS)/time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were used as outcomes with hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity among the studies and publication bias were also evaluated. RESULTS:A total of 40 studies including 16,696 lung cancer patients were eligible for the analysis. Overall, the pooled analysis showed that compared with normal platelet counts, elevated pretreatment platelet counts were associated with poorer OS (HR?= 1.54, 95% CI: 1.37-1.72, P?<?0.001) and poorer DFS/PFS/TTP (HR?= 1.62, 95% CI: 1.33-1.98, P?<?0.001) in patients with lung cancer. In subgroup analyses, elevated pretreatment platelet counts were also associated with poorer OS and DFS/PFS/TTP in most subgroups. There was no evidence of publication bias. CONCLUSIONS:This meta-analysis revealed that elevated pretreatment platelet counts were an independent predictor of OS and DFS/PFS/TTP in lung cancer patients. Large-scale prospective studies and a validation study are warranted.
Project description:Platelets may actively participate in inflammation in COPD. Platelet distribution width (PDW), a measure of platelets' volume heterogeneity, may increase in platelets' activation. We hypothesized that PDW may be a marker of hypercoagulation, which plays a significant role in conditions associated with worse survival of patients with COPD, eg, acute myocardial infarction and other forms of ischemic heart disease.Retrospective analysis of 79 patients. Variables were compared after grouping patients according to the upper normal limit of PDW, using Welch's t-tests or Mann-Whitney U, and chi-square tests. Survival in the two groups was compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression.Ten patients presented values of PDW above 16 fL, which was the upper limit of normality for our laboratory. Compared to patients with normal PDW, they had lower forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity (FEF 25-75) - 35% of reference value vs 57% (P=0.003) and peak expiratory flow - 39% vs 54% (P<0.001). The median survival of patients with elevated PDW was 743 days compared to those with normal PDW (1,305 days) (P=0.025). The adjusted HR was 4.59 (95% CI: 1.1, 19.19; P=0.04).Our analysis indicates that elevated PDW is associated with reduced survival of patients with COPD. If our data are to be confirmed, PDW may be used as an inexpensive and repeatable prognostic tool in COPD.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between platelet indices [mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet count (PLT), platelet distribution width (PDW) and plateletcrit (PCT)] at diagnosis in osteosarcoma.The information of 233 patients with osteosarcoma at diagnosis between 2007 and 2015 was retrospectively reviewed. Clinical parameters such as gender, age, size and site of tumor, and tumor necrosis rate after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were analyzed.No significant difference was noted in the mean values of MPV, PLT, PDW and PCT among stage I, II and III patients. In localized patients, the median disease-free survival (DFS) values were 42 and 22 months in the PLT<300×109/L and ?300×109/L groups, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.2611). No difference in the DFS among the three different levels of MPV was observed.No significantly different platelet indices were noted among the different stages. Although a shorter median DFS was found in localized patients with PLT?300×109/L, there was still a lack of strong evidence to demonstrate the association between platelet indices and osteosarcoma.