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Enhanced Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance of Fully Alloyed AgAuPdPt, AgAuPt, AuPt, AgPt, and Pt Nanocrystals: Systematical Investigation on the Morphological and LSPR Properties of Mono-, Bi-, Tri-, and Quad-Metallic Nanoparticles.

ABSTRACT: Multi-metallic alloy nanoparticles (NPs) can offer tunable or modifiable localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) properties depending upon their configurational and elemental alterations, which can be utilized in various applications, that is, in photon energy harvesting, optical sensing, biomedical imaging, photocatalysis, and spectroscopy. In this work, a systematic investigation on the morphological and LSPR properties of multi-metallic alloy NPs incorporating Ag, Au, Pd, and Pt is presented on c-plane sapphire (0001). The resulting NPs exhibit much enhanced and tunable LSPR bands in the UV-VIS wavelength as compared to the previously reported mono-metallic NPs based on the considerable improvement in size and shape of nanostructures along with the electronic heterogeneity. Solid-state dewetting of sputtered bilayers (Ag/Pt), tri-layers (Ag/Au/Pt), and quad-layers (Ag/Au/Pd/Pt) is employed to demonstrate a wide variety of configurations, sizes, densities, and elemental compositions of Pt, AgPt, AuPt, AgAuPt, AgAuPt, and AgAuPdPt NPs by the systematic control of annealing temperature and deposition schemes. The distinct morphology and elemental composition of surface nanostructures are obtained by means of surface diffusion, intermixing, and surface/interface energy minimization along with the applied thermal energy. In addition, the sublimation of Ag atoms from the alloy nanostructure matrix significantly influences the structural, elemental, and thus optical properties of NPs by reducing the average size and Ag percentage in the alloy NPs. Based on the specific size, shape, and elemental composition of NPs, the excitation of LSPR is correlated to the dipolar, quadrupolar, multi-polar, and higher order (HO) modes along with the finite difference time domain simulation of local electric-field. The LSPR intensity is generally stronger with a higher percentage of Ag atoms in the alloy NPs and gradually diminished by the sublimation loss. However, even the mono-metallic and alloy NPs without Ag exhibited significantly improved and dynamic nature of plasmonic bands in the UV and VIS wavelength.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6811866 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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