Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Reported Maori consumer experiences of health systems and programs in qualitative research: a systematic review with meta-synthesis.


ABSTRACT:

Background

Persistent inequities in health experiences and outcomes are observed for M?ori compared to non-M?ori in Aotearoa New Zealand. We conceptualised factors associated with M?ori consumer experiences of health programs and services and characterise how the recommendations arising from qualitative research inform strategies to address inequities.

Methods

In this systematic review, electronic literature searching was conducted in February 2018. Qualitative studies reporting M?ori consumer experiences of health services and programs in Aotearoa New Zealand were eligible. M?ori consumer experiences of health services were mapped to the WHO Commission of Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) conceptual framework on health inequities as related to: (i) the socioeconomic and political context; (ii) socioeconomic positioning; or (iii) intermediary factors that increase exposure to health-compromising conditions. Recommendations to improve consumer experiences were mapped to the CSDH framework for tackling social determinants of health inequities as policy directions on: (i) unequal consequences of illness (individual interaction); (ii) risks of exposure to health-damaging factors (community); (iii) exposures to health-damaging factors (public policies); and (iv) mitigating effects of socioeconomic and political stratification (environment).

Results

Fifty-four studies were included. M?ori consumer experiences mapped to social determinants of health inequities were most frequently related to direct interactions with health services and programs, particularly patient-clinician interactions (communication, relationships) and cultural competencies of clinicians and the system. Key recommendations by researchers mapped to potential strategies to address inequity were identified at all levels of the political, social and health system from individual interactions, community change, and broader public and system-level strategies. Recommendations were predominantly focused on actions to reduce risks of exposure to health-damaging factors including health literacy interventions, increased resources in cultural competencies and M?ori capacity in health service development and workforce.

Conclusions

M?ori consumer experiences of health services and programs are an important informer of variables that impact health inequity. Strategies to tackle health inequities informed by M?ori consumer experiences can be drawn from existing empirical research. Future qualitative exploration of how socioeconomic, political and public policies influence M?ori consumer experiences of health services and programs could inform a broader range of structural policies to address health inequities.

SUBMITTER: Palmer SC 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6816189 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6009461 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC4712405 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC6322250 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7517554 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7455900 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6086411 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7445709 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6805495 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3492195 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7716440 | BioStudies