Arthroscopic Reduction and Suture Bridge Fixation of a Large Displaced Greater Tuberosity Fracture of the Humerus.
ABSTRACT: Arthroscopic fixation of a greater tuberosity (GT) avulsion fracture by suture bridge repair has been described in several articles. However, all of them have used arthroscopic fixation of a small sized GT fracture fragment or have not used purely arthroscopic techniques. In this Technical Note, the authors describe another technique for large displaced GT fracture fixation by arthroscopy only, without any metal fixation. Standard anterior, posterior, lateral, and posterolateral viewing portals are established with an accessory portal for suture anchor insertion. During intra-articular examination, an anteroinferior capsulolabral tear, upper one-third subscapularis tendon tear, and posterosuperior displaced bony fragment are detected. A subscapularis tendon was repaired by a single-row technique. After repair, medial row anchors are inserted into the bare area of infraspinatus tendon and the posterior edge of supraspinatus tendon. A 1-PDS suture is used to pass strands of fiberwire. As with the remplissage procedure, the fiberwire was passed with an 18-gauge needle. Following the acromioplasty, the medial row tightening was done by reducing the fracture fragment. After that, the lateral row anchor was inserted into the bicipital groove, completing the suture bridge technique. This technique can effectively treat other pathologies, has less radiation hazard, and results in fewer soft tissue injuries.
Project description:Arthroscopic repair of an isolated subscapularis tendon rupture has been previously described in the adult population; however, the technique has yet to be described in a pediatric patient. In this Technical Note, we describe an arthroscopic repair of an isolated subscapularis tendon rupture with concomitant mini-open suprapectoral biceps tenodesis in an adolescent patient. Standard anterior and posterior portals are established with an accessory portal in the anterosuperior angle of the acromion. A 0-PDS suture is used to pass strands of suture tape through the inferolateral and superolateral aspects of the subscapularis tendon. Suture tape is passed through a suture anchor and the accessory portal and is fixated at the junction of the inferior one-third and superior two-thirds of the subscapularis tendon footprint and at the junction of the superior one-third and inferior two-thirds of the subscapularis tendon footprint. Following subscapularis tendon fixation, biceps tenodesis is performed through either a mini-open subpectoral or arthroscopic suprapectoral approach. This described technique allows for full visualization of the subscapularis tendon and lesser tuberosity. Additionally, this technique allows for accurate placement of suture anchors to maximize footprint coverage and appropriate graft tensioning.
Project description:The subscapularis tendon plays an essential role in shoulder function. Although subscapularis tendon tears are less common than other rotator cuff tears, tears of the subscapularis tendon have increasingly been recognized with the advent of magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy. A suture bridge technique for the treatment of posterosuperior rotator cuff tears has provided the opportunity to improve the pressurized contact area and mean footprint pressure. However, suture bridge fixation of subscapularis tendon tears appears to be technically challenging. We describe an arthroscopic surgical technique for suture bridge repair of subscapularis tendon tears that obtains ideal cuff integrity and footprint restoration. Surgery using such a suture bridge technique is indicated for large tears, such as tears involving the entire first facet or more, tears with a disrupted lateral sling, and combined medium to large supraspinatus/infraspinatus tears.
Project description:Arthroscopic subscapularis repair with knotted suture fixation typically requires use of both anterior and accessory superolateral portals with passage of suture through multiple anatomic spaces. The advent of knotless anchors has allowed for simplification of subscapularis repairs. In this report we describe a simple method of knotless arthroscopic subscapularis repair through a single anterior portal. The indication for a single-anterior portal knotless subscapularis repair is a complete tear of the upper one-third of the subscapularis. This approach can be used for isolated subscapularis repair or, in patients with multiple-tendon involvement, initial subscapularis repair to facilitate subsequent posterosuperior cuff repair.
Project description:Tibial intercondylar eminence fractures that are displaced and non-reducible require open or arthroscopically assisted repair. Ideally, fracture reduction and fixation would be performed with a technique that has low morbidity, allows easy visualization and reduction, provides firm fixation, does not violate the proximal tibial physis, avoids metal hardware, and does not require a second procedure for implant removal. The suture bridge technique, used in the shoulder for rotator cuff tears and greater tuberosity fracture repair, has the ability to produce high contact pressures with rigid fixation. We describe an all-inside and all-epiphyseal arthroscopic suture bridge technique for tibial intercondylar eminence fracture repair performed with PushLock anchors (Arthrex, Naples, FL). One or 2 anchors preloaded with No. 2 FiberWire (Arthrex) are placed in the posterior fracture bed, followed by fracture reduction. The suture limbs are shuttled through and around the anterior cruciate ligament and over the fracture fragment in crossing fashion and are secured by use of additional anchors placed at the anteromedial and anterolateral fracture margin. The anchors are placed obliquely to avoid the proximal tibial physis in the pediatric population. Anatomic reduction and secure fixation allow more aggressive rehabilitation and faster restoration of joint function.
Project description:Subscapularis tendon tears present a technical challenge because both diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment can be difficult. One difficulty is the limited visualization and working space of the anterior shoulder. Although most tears of the subscapularis are partial- or full-thickness tears of the upper third of the tendon, occasionally, larger or more retracted tears are encountered. Various techniques have been developed to treat a wide variety of tear patterns. We present a simple technique using a looped suture that remains easy to use in the limited working space of the anterior shoulder; can be easily modified to accommodate a broad spectrum of subscapularis pathology, from partial to full and retracted tears; and uses familiar viewing and working portals. This technique creates a single-row, knotless repair. Traction on the superior suture improves visualization and ease of passing more inferior sutures. Risks include unintentional over-tensioning of the repair and medialization of the femoral footprint, which can be avoided with appropriate exposure and arm positioning during repair. Postoperative care includes restriction of external rotation for 3 to 6 weeks and strengthening at 3 months.
Project description:Successful techniques for arthroscopic repair of subscapularis tendon tears have been previously described in the literature. Recommendations regarding portal placement, tissue mobilization, and suture passage have been published. We present a novel technique that uses a shuttle suture passed with the Viper suture passer (Arthrex, Naples, FL) through a standard anterior arthroscopy portal. The described technique easily passes a suture through the subscapularis tendon while the surgeon visualizes suture placement from the posterior portal.
Project description:There are a number of reasons for failed rotator cuff tear repair. In such cases the suture-tendon interface seems to be the most vulnerable area, especially when tendon degeneration is present. We describe a new technique, the arthroscopic double-locked suture, that increases the tendon fixation and has the added benefit of being placed parallel to the blood vessels, therefore avoiding damage to the tendon vascularization. The suture may be achieved by use of knots or knotless anchors and suture passers, without the need for any additional instrumentation. The new technique is especially helpful in cases in which the tendon is retracted and degeneration is present, impeding the use of the double-row technique or its transosseous equivalents.
Project description:Tears of the subscapularis tendon can be challenging to diagnose and treat. Because the subscapularis plays an important role in shoulder function, careful arthroscopic evaluation and treatment are necessary to restore function. Previous surgical techniques have ranged from full open repairs to complex arthroscopic procedures needing suture passer and/or retriever devices. We describe an arthroscopic surgical technique of subscapularis repair through a single anterior portal using only penetrating graspers. This approach can be used for partial upper-border subscapularis tears, as well as complete and retracted subscapularis tendon tears.
Project description:Recent advances to improve outcomes in rotator cuff repair include using arthroscopic double-row suture-bridge techniques in an effort to reconstruct the rotator cuff footprint and improve fixation. However, when using this technique for larger tears, it can be difficult to get the lateral portion of the rotator cuff into an anatomic position. This report describes a triple-row modification of the suture-bridge technique that results in significantly more footprint contact area and contact pressure compared with the double-row and standard suture-bridge techniques. Maximizing the rotator cuff footprint contact area exposes more of the tendon to bone and may improve the healing potential.
Project description:Various arthroscopic techniques have been devised for fixation of tibial eminence avulsions, namely percutaneous K-wires, arthroscopy-guided screw fixation, staples, TightRope (Arthrex)-suture button fixation, and transosseous suture fixation. Such techniques provide well-pronounced advantages including less postoperative pain, a reduced hospital stay, and minimal scar with resultant earlier and more compliant rehabilitation. As for transosseous suture fixation, the standard technique comprises the creation of 2 tibial tunnels exiting on both sides of the footprint of the avulsion fracture using an anterior cruciate ligament tibial guide with the angle set at 45°. Our technique entails the creation of a single tibial tunnel directed from the proximal anteromedial tibia to the center of the tibial eminence. The technique uses Ethibond suture (No. 5) and/or FiberWire suture (Arthrex) to fix the tibial eminence by pulling the anterior cruciate ligament fibers and tightening the pullout suture at the tibial exit of the tunnel with a 4-hole button. This modified single-tunnel pullout suture technique is an appealing option that has proved to be effective and economical with a shorter operative time. Moreover, it provides a less invasive option for skeletally immature patients.