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Diagnostic Accuracy of Early Secretory Antigenic Target-6-Free Interferon-gamma Release Assay Compared to QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Early secretory antigenic target-6 (ESAT-6) is an immunodominant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) antigen included in novel vaccines against tuberculosis (TB) and in interferon-gamma (IFN-?) release assays (IGRAs). Therefore, the availability of an ESAT-6-free IGRA is essential to determine M.tb infection status following vaccination with ESAT-6-containing vaccines. We aimed to qualify a recently developed ESAT-6-free IGRA and to assess its diagnostic performance in comparison to QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube (QFT). METHODS:Participants with different levels of M.tb exposure and TB disease were enrolled to determine the ESAT-6-free IGRA cutoff, test assay performance in independent cohorts compared to standard QFT, and perform a technical qualification of antigen-coated blood collection tubes. RESULTS:ESAT-6-free IGRA antigen recognition was evaluated in QFT-positive and QFT-negative South African adolescents. The ESAT-6-free IGRA cutoff was established at 0.61 IU/mL, based on receiver operating characteristic analysis in M.tb-unexposed controls and microbiologically confirmed pulmonary TB patients. In an independent cohort of healthy adolescents, levels of IFN-? released in QFT and ESAT-6-free IGRA were highly correlated (P < .0001, r = 0.83) and yielded comparable positivity rates, 41.5% and 43.5%, respectively, with 91% concordance between the tests (kappa = 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.74-0.90; McNemar test P = .48). ESAT-6-free IGRA blood collection tubes had acceptable lot-to-lot variability, precision, and stability. CONCLUSIONS:The novel ESAT-6-free IGRA had diagnostic accuracy comparable to QFT and is suitable for use in clinical trials to assess efficacy of candidate TB vaccines to prevent established M.tb infection.

SUBMITTER: Nemes E 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6821223 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): NCT02075203

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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