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Polyamine-Modified Gold Nanoparticles Readily Adsorb on Cell Membranes for Bioimaging.

ABSTRACT: The surface modification of nanoparticles (NPs) can enhance cellular and intracellular targeting. A new type of polyamine-modified gold NPs (AuNPs) are designed and synthesized, which can be selectively absorbed onto the cell membrane. AuNPs with an average diameter of 4.0 nm were prepared and modified with polyamine (R-4C) through amidation. In order to detect the distribution of NPs within cells by fluorescence imaging, AuNP@MPA-R-4C was functionalized with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). The fluorescence-labled NPs AuNP@MPA-R-4C-FITC demonstrated minimal cytotoxicity in several cell lines. Both confocal laser scanning microscopy and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that AuNP@MPA-R-4C-FITC was distributed on the cell membrane. Compared with the free organic dye, the modified AuNPs showed significantly increased accumulation on the cell membrane after treatment for only 10 min. These results suggested that AuNP@MPA-R-4C-FITC can be used as a bioprobe targeting the cell membrane for various biological applications.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6822120 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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