A Technique Using an Easy-to-Fabricate Cannula to Manage Sutures and Aid Graft Passage in Arthroscopic Superior Capsular Reconstruction.
ABSTRACT: Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction has become a popular technique used to restore shoulder function in superior cuff deficiency. Passage of the graft via the portal sites is prone to entanglement with sutures and graft twisting. To make shuttling of the graft easier, and reduce the risk of suture entanglement, we developed a technique involving fabricating a suture management cannula from a simple sterile 10-mL syringe. The benefits of this technique are that it allows multiple sutures to be managed easily, avoiding entanglement of the graft during passage and attachment.
Project description:Efficient and successful arthroscopic surgery relies on methodical and well-organized suture management. However, it is relatively common, especially in complex arthroscopic procedures, that sutures invariability become entangled or twisted as a result of repeated suture shuttling from portal to portal and between individual suture limbs. When this occurs, this can make antegrade suture passage or arthroscopic knot tying challenging. We describe a simple and efficient technique that allows simultaneous retrieval of 2 suture limbs while ensuring that the sutures are disentangled.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The management of flexor tendon injuries has evolved in recent years through industrial improvements in suture materials, refinements of repair methods, and early rehabilitation protocols. However, there is no consensus on the ideal suture material and technique. This study was conducted to compare the tensile strength, repair time, and characteristics of 4-strand cruciate, modified Kessler, and 4-strand horizontal intrafiber barbed sutures for flexor tenorrhaphy with a 12-mm suture purchase length in an animal model. METHODS:The right third deep flexors of 60 adult Leghorn chicken feet were isolated and repaired with a 12-mm suture purchase length. The tendons were randomly assigned to three groups of equal number (n=20 each). Groups 1 and 2 received 4-strand cruciate and modified Kessler repair with conventional suture materials, respectively. A 4-strand horizontal intrafiber barbed suture technique was used in group 3. The repaired tendons were biomechanically tested for tensile strength, 2-mm gap resistance, and mode of failure. Repair times were also recorded. RESULTS:The maximum tensile strength until failure was 44.6±4.3 N in group 1, 35.7±5.2 N in group 2, and 56.7±17.3 N in group 3. The barbed sutures were superior to the other sutures in terms of the load needed for 2-mm gap formation (P<0.05). Furthermore, the barbed sutures showed the shortest repair time (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:This study found that 4-strand horizontal intrafiber barbed suture repair with a 12-mm purchase length in a chicken flexor tendon injury model showed promising biomechanical properties and took less time to perform than other options.
Project description:In most anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, the tear is at the femoral side leaving a robust stump attached to the tibia. Stump-preserving ACL reconstruction carries the advantage of rapid reinnervation and revascularization of the graft. In this technique, the femoral tunnel is created after exposing the femoral footprint. The ACL tibial stump is split and the tip of the ACL tibial guide is introduced through this split to reach the center of the tibial footprint. The tibial tunnel is then created and the ACL stump is bored to allow the passage of the graft. After the passage of the graft inside the stump and femoral and tibial fixation, 1 or 2 sutures are used to suture the graft to the stump by a suture passing device (Expressew II; Depuy Mitek, Raynham, MA). This technique, in addition to preservation of the mechanoreceptors and vascular channels for revascularization and reinnervation of the graft, allows preservation of the shape and surface area of the wide tibial origin of the ACL.
Project description:Superior capsular reconstruction is a powerful tool for the treatment of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. Several authors have described this evolving technique. Issues of graft sizing, graft passage, graft tensioning, and suture management make this a challenging procedure even in the hands of experienced shoulder surgeons. We describe our arthroscopic technique for superior capsular reconstruction using nonirradiated human acellular dermis. We introduce several techniques for graft passage and tensioning that may help to simplify this challenging procedure and make it more reproducible.
Project description:Repair success for injuries to the flexor tendon in the hand is often limited by the in vivo behaviour of the suture used for repair. Common problems associated with the choice of suture material include increased risk of infection, foreign body reactions, and inappropriate mechanical responses, particularly decreases in mechanical properties over time. Improved suture materials are therefore needed. As high-performance materials with excellent tensile strength, spider silk fibres are an extremely promising candidate for use in surgical sutures. However, the mechanical behaviour of sutures comprised of individual silk fibres braided together has not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, we characterise the maximum tensile strength, stress, strain, elastic modulus, and fatigue response of silk sutures produced using different braiding methods to investigate the influence of braiding on the tensile properties of the sutures. The mechanical properties of conventional surgical sutures are also characterised to assess whether silk offers any advantages over conventional suture materials. The results demonstrate that braiding single spider silk fibres together produces strong sutures with excellent fatigue behaviour; the braided silk sutures exhibited tensile strengths comparable to those of conventional sutures and no loss of strength over 1000 fatigue cycles. In addition, the braiding technique had a significant influence on the tensile properties of the braided silk sutures. These results suggest that braided spider silk could be suitable for use as sutures in flexor tendon repair, providing similar tensile behaviour and improved fatigue properties compared with conventional suture materials.
Project description:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to identify and review associations between the types of sutures used for uterine compression suture (UCS) and its outcomes in postpartum hemorrhage. METHODS:An electronic search using PubMed and Scopus databases was performed. We included the English articles reported from January 1, 1997, to May 31, 2017, using search words or terms regarding the types of suture and needle used for UCSs. We only included studies describing the sutures in the systematic review. RESULTS:We found 196 studies and included 76 (38.8%) in our analysis. We collected data on maternal outcomes for 924 patients and categorized them. Of the 76 studies, suture sizes 0, 1, and 2 were used in 6, 44, and 32 articles, respectively (some studies used multiple sutures). Of the 45 studies mentioning the needles, curved and straight needles were used in 35 and 10, respectively. The results of our review revealed that about 80% of previous articles used Catgut and Polyglactin 910 sutures. Because no studies that compared the efficacy of different size of sutures were identified, we investigated the differences using the cases reported in previous studies mentioned above. In the first analysis, we compared the uterine preservation rate between size 1 and size 2 sutures. We found no significant difference in uterine preservation rate (92.8%: size 1 vs. 94.2%: size 2, p?>?0.05) but found significant difference in transfusion rate (62.4% vs. 79.1%, p?<?0.01). With the hypothesis that non-transfusion cases were less severe, we excluded these cases from second analysis. Although our second analysis of only Catgut or Polyglactin showed strong selection bias, we observed that uterine preservation rate was significantly higher in cases with size 2 suture than in those with size 1 suture (86.9% vs. 93.5%, p?=?0.033). CONCLUSIONS:Our systematic review showed that approximately 80% of cases were treated by Catgut and Polyglactin 910. Due to the heterogeneity of cases included in this review, it is difficult to estimate which suture is better for UCSs. More robust studies are necessary to enable the identification of the superior suture for performing UCSs.
Project description:Trachoma causes blindness through an anatomical abnormality called trichiasis (lashes touching the eye). Trichiasis can recur after corrective surgery. We tested the hypothesis that using absorbable sutures instead of silk sutures might reduce the risk of recurrent disease among patients with major trichiasis in a randomised trial.1,300 individuals with major trichiasis from rural villages in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia were recruited and assigned (1:1) by computer-generated randomisation sequence to receive trichiasis surgery using either an absorbable suture (polyglactin-910) or silk sutures (removed at 7-10 days) in an otherwise identical surgical technique. Participants were examined every 6 months for 2 years by clinicians masked to allocation. The primary outcome measure was recurrent trichiasis (?one lash touching the eye) at 1 year. There was no difference in prevalence of recurrent trichiasis at 1 year (114 [18.2%] in the absorbable suture group versus 120 [19.7%] in the silk suture group; odds ratio?=?0.90, 95% CI 0.68-1.20). The two groups also did not differ in terms of corneal opacification, visual acuity, conjunctival inflammation, and surgical complications.There was no evidence that use of absorbable polyglactin-910 sutures was associated with a lower prevalence of trichiasis recurrence at 1 year postsurgery than silk sutures. However, from a programmatic perspective, polyglactin-910 offers the major advantage that patients do not have to be seen soon after surgery for suture removal. The postoperative review after surgery using absorbable polyglactin-910 sutures can be delayed for 3-6 months, which might allow us to better determine whether a patient needs additional surgery.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00522860.
Project description:BACKGROUND:It is controversial whether surgical zipper technique (SZT), a non-invasive method of surgical wound closure, achieves a better outcome of incision healing than intracutaneous sutures (IS) in the surgery. This meta-analysis was performed to systematically analyze whether surgical zipper is superior to suture material for the incision closure. METHODS:Databases and reference lists were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SZT with IS for the incision closure. RESULTS:Four RCTs with 678 patients were identified and analyzed. Compared with IS, SZT achieved similar incidence of postoperative complications, less time for incision closure, less cost of both surgeons' time and operating room time, no need for removing sutures and more comfort for the patients. Besides, SZT achieved perfect aesthetic results in various types of incisions with the exception of those with substantial curvatures, those with secretions, in obese patients or those under high tension. CONCLUSION:The non-invasive zipper technique may be a more attractive option of incision closure in a wide spectrum of surgical areas.
Project description:We have developed a local anesthetic-eluting suture system which would combine the function and ubiquity of the suture for surgical repair with the controlled release properties of a biodegradable polymeric matrix. Drug-free and drug-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) sutures were fabricated by electrospinning, with or without the local anesthetic bupivacaine. The tensile strength of the electrospun sutures decreased as drug content increased, but strains remained relatively similar across all groups. Sutures released their entire drug payload over the course of 12 days and maintained approximately 12% of their initial tensile strength after 14 days of incubation in vitro. In a rat skin wound model, local analgesia was achieved 1 day after surgery and lasted approximately 1 week in 90% of treated animals (n=10, p<0.05), and all wounds were able to heal normally without the need for further reinforcement. The sutures caused tissue reaction in vivo that was comparable to that seen with a commercially available suture composed of PLGA. Such sutures may enhance perioperative analgesia and mitigate the need for standard postoperative opioid analgesics.
Project description:Assaying gene expression in sutural bone fragments from patients diagnosed with non-syndromic craniosynostosis. Sutural fragments were collected from both the fused and patent cranial suture of infants during cranial vault reconstruction. Gene expression was compared between the patent and fused sutures using the paired t-test. The aim was to identify thoses genes significantly differentially expressed in fused suture relative to patent. Total RNA isolated from patent and fused human cranial sutures was assayed. Expression in synostosed suture was compared to patent suture.