Damage analysis of a perfect broadband absorber by a femtosecond laser.
ABSTRACT: Plasmonic metamaterial absorbers are particularly important in different applications such as photodetectors, microbolometers and solar cells. In this paper, we propose a tungsten boride (WB, a refractory ceramic) based broadband metamaterial absorber whose optical properties is numerically analyzed and experimentally characterized. We have also analyzed the damage characteristics of this absorber using a femtosecond laser and compared with an ordinary Au metamaterial absorber. We observe that WB has almost the double absorption bandwidth with absorption more than 90% over the spectral range of 950 to 1400 nm when compared with the Au counterpart. Furthermore, we show that Au metamaterial is damaged at the power of around 36.4 mW whereas WB metamaterial is not damaged at that power (WB has high Tammann temperature than Au)-however the atom of WB material was knocked off by the bombardment of a femtosecond laser.
Project description:A simple metamaterial absorber is proposed to achieve near-perfect absorption in visible and near-infrared wavelengths. The absorber is composed of metal-dielectric-metal (MIM) three-layer structure. The materials of these three-layer structures are Au, SiO2, and Au. The top metal structure of the absorber is composed of hollow three-dimensional metal rings regularly arranged periodically. The results show that the high absorption efficiency at a specific wavelength is mainly due to the resonance of the Fabry-Perot effect (FP) in the intermediate layer of the dielectric medium, resulting in the resonance light being trapped in the middle layer, thus improving the absorption efficiency. The almost perfect multiband absorption, which is independent of polarization angle and insensitivity of incident angle, lends the absorber great application prospects for filtering and optoelectronics.
Project description:The emerging field of plasmonic metamaterials has introduced new degree of freedom to manipulate optical field from nano to macroscopic scale, offering an attractive platform for sensing applications. So far, metamaterial sensor concepts, however, have focused on hot-spot engineering to improve the near-field enhancement, rather than fully exploiting tailored material properties. Here, we present a novel spectroscopic technique based on the metamaterial infrared (IR) absorber allowing for a low-background detection scheme as well as significant plasmonic enhancement. Specifically, we experimentally demonstrate the resonant coupling of plasmonic modes of a metamaterial absorber and IR vibrational modes of a molecular self-assembled monolayer. The metamaterial consisting of an array of Au/MgF2/Au structures exhibits an anomalous absorption at ~ 3000 cm(-1), which spectrally overlaps with C-H stretching vibrational modes. Symmetric/asymmetric C-H stretching modes of a 16-Mercaptohexadecanoic acid monolayer are clearly observed as Fano-like anti-resonance peaks within a broad plasmonic absorption of the metamaterial. Spectral analysis using Fano line-shape fitting reveals the underlying resonant interference in plasmon-molecular coupled systems. Our metamaterial approach achieves the attomole sensitivity with a large signal-to-noise ratio in the far-field measurement, thus may open up new avenues for realizing ultrasensitive IR inspection technologies.
Project description:In this article, we present a design for a triple-band tunable metamaterial absorber with an Au nano-cuboids array, and undertake numerical research about its optical properties and local electromagnetic field enhancement. The proposed structure is investigated by the finite-difference time domain (FDTD) method, and we find that it has triple-band tunable perfect absorption peaks in the near infrared band (1000-2500 nm). We investigate some of structure parameters that influence the fields of surface plasmons (SP) resonances of the nano array structure. By adjusting the relevant structural parameters, we can accomplish the regulation of the surface plasmons resonance (SPR) peaks. In addition, the triple-band resonant wavelength of the absorber has good operational angle-polarization-tolerance. We believe that the excellent properties of our designed absorber have promising applications in plasma-enhanced photovoltaic, optical absorption switching and infrared modulator optical communication.
Project description:We design a soft infrared metamaterial absorber based on gold nanorods dispersed in liquid crystal (LC) placed on a gold film and theoretically investigate its total absorption character. Because the nanorods align with the LC molecule, the gold nanorods/LC hybrid exhibits different permittivity as a function of tilt angle of LC. At a certain tilt angle, the absorber shows an omnidirectional total absorption effect. By changing the tilt angle of LC by an external electric field, the total absorption character can be adjusted. The total absorption character also depends on the concentration, geometric dimension of nanorods, and defect of nanorod arrangement in LC. When the LC contains different size of gold nanorods, a broadband absorption can be easily realized. The characteristics including flexibility, omnidirectional, broadband and tunability make the infrared metamaterial absorber possess potential use in smart metamaterial devices.
Project description:In this paper, we propose a novel design of an ultra-wideband hybrid microwave absorber operating in the frequency range between 2 GHz and 18 GHz. This proposed hybrid absorber is composed of two different layers that integrate a multiband metamaterial absorber and a lossy dielectric layer. The metamaterial absorber consists of a periodic pattern that is composed of an arrangement of different scales of coupled resonators and a metallic ground plane, and the dielectric layer is made of epoxy foam composite loaded with low weight percentage (0.075 wt.%) of 12 mm length carbon fibers. The numerical results show a largely expanded absorption bandwidth that ranges from 2.6 GHz to 18?GHz with incident angles between 0° and 45° and for both transverse electric and transverse magnetic waves. The measurements confirm that absorption of this hybrid based metamaterial absorber exceeds 90% within the above-mentioned frequency range and it may reach an absorption rate of 99% for certain frequency ranges. The proposed idea offers a further step in developing new electromagnetic absorbers, which will impact a broad range of applications.
Project description:The ever-increasing interest towards metamaterial absorbers owes to its remarkable features such as ultra-thin nature and design flexibility. Subduing the inherent narrow bandwidth of such absorbers is the prime goal in metamaterial absorber research, as this can widen the applications areas. A greater challenge is to construct bidirectional absorber, which provides direction-insensitive absorption, as most of the existing designs exhibit single sided absorption due to the complete metal film used in the design. This work presents the realization of a bidirectional, bandwidth-enhanced metamaterial absorber with basic elements such as strips and squares optimized to have adjacent resonances leading to a bandwidth-enhanced absorption. The structural evolution of the constituent metallic components towards the formation of bandwidth-enhanced absorption is described. The bidirectional absorber exhibits more than 90% absorption between 13.40?GHz and 14.25?GHz from the two incident directions. The mechanism of absorption is studied with the surface current analysis and the effective parameters of the structure. The choice of the metallic components with four-fold rotation symmetry renders the proposed design to be polarization independent and wide-angle receptive. The numerical studies are verified experimentally at microwave frequencies, which shows a good agreement between them.
Project description:We present a theory of perfect absorption in a bilayer model composed of a mu-near-zero (MNZ) metamaterial (MM) absorbing layer on a metallic substrate. Our analytical solutions reveal that a MM layer with a large purely imaginary permeability and a moderate permittivity backed by a metallic plane has a zero reflection at normal incidence when the thickness is ultrathin. The impedance-mismatched metamaterial absorber (MA) can be 77.3% thinner than conventional impedance-matched MAs with the same material loss in order to get the same absorption. A microwave absorber using double-layered spiral MMs with a thickness of only about one percent of the operating wavelength is designed and realized. An absorption efficiency above 93% at 1.74 GHz is demonstrated experimentally at illumination angles up to 60 degrees. Our absorber is 98% lighter than traditional microwave absorbers made of natural materials working at the same frequencies.
Project description:An integrated model utilizing external parasitic capacitors for a dual-band metamaterial perfect absorber (DMPA) is proposed and demonstrated in the UHF radio band. By adjusting the lumped capacitors on a simple meta-surface, the thickness of absorber is reduced to be only 1/378 and 1/320 with respect to the operating wavelength at 305 and 360.5?MHz, respectively. The simulations and the experiments confirm that the DMPA can maintain an absorption over 91% in a wide range of incident angle (up to 55°) and independent of the polarization of incident radiation. Additionally, we examine the integrated model for smaller dual-band absorber and absorption performance at higher frequencies (LTE band). Finally, we consolidate our approach by fabricating an ultrathin triple-band perfect absorber miniaturized to be only 1/591 of the longest operating wavelength. Our work is expected to contribute to the actualization of metamaterial-based devices working at radio frequency.
Project description:We theoretically investigate a multi-resonant plasmonic metamaterial perfect absorber operating between 600 and 950 nm wavelengths. The presented device generates 100% absorption at two resonance wavelengths and delivers an ultra-narrow band (sub-20 nm) and high quality factor (Q=44) resonance. The studied perfect absorber is a metal-insulator-metal configuration where a thin MgF2 spacer is sandwiched between an optically thick gold layer and uniformly patterned gold circular nanodisc antennas. The localized and propagating nature of the plasmonic resonances are characterized and confirmed theoretically. The origin of the perfect absorption is investigated using the impedance matching and critical coupling phenomenon. We calculate the effective impedance of the perfect absorber and confirm the matching with the free space impedance. We also investigate the scattering properties of the top antenna layer and confirm the minimized reflection at resonance wavelengths by calculating the absorption and scattering cross sections. The excitation of plasmonic resonances boost the near-field intensity by three orders of magnitude which enhances the interaction between the metamaterial surface and the incident energy. The refractive index sensitivity of the perfect absorber could go as high as S=500 nm/RIU. The presented optical characteristics make the proposed narrow-band multi-resonant perfect absorber a favorable platform for biosensing and contrast agent based bioimaging.
Project description:An ideal solar-thermal absorber requires efficient selective absorption with a tunable bandwidth, excellent thermal conductivity and stability, and a simple structure for effective solar thermal energy conversion. Despite various solar absorbers having been demonstrated, these conditions are challenging to achieve simultaneously using conventional materials and structures. Here, we propose and demonstrate three-dimensional structured graphene metamaterial (SGM) that takes advantages of wavelength selectivity from metallic trench-like structures and broadband dispersionless nature and excellent thermal conductivity from the ultrathin graphene metamaterial film. The SGM absorbers exhibit superior solar selective and omnidirectional absorption, flexible tunability of wavelength selective absorption, excellent photothermal performance, and high thermal stability. Impressive solar-to-thermal conversion efficiency of 90.1% and solar-to-vapor efficiency of 96.2% have been achieved. These superior properties of the SGM absorber suggest it has a great potential for practical applications of solar thermal energy harvesting and manipulation.