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Diabetic Foot Infection Presenting Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome: A Unique Disorder of Systemic Reaction from Infection of the Most Distal Body.


ABSTRACT: Diabetic foot infection (DFI) is a major complication of diabetic foot that lead to nontraumatic lower-extremity amputation (LEA). Such distal infection of the body having systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is rarely reported. Consecutive patients treated for limb-threatening DFI in a major diabetic foot center in Taiwan were analyzed between the years 2014 to 2017. Clinical factors, laboratory data, perfusion, extent, depth, infection and sensation (PEDIS) wound score in 519 subjects with grade 3 DFI and 203 presenting SIRS (28.1%) were compared. Major LEA and in-hospital mortality were defined as poor prognosis. Patients presenting SIRS had poor prognosis compared with those with grade 3 DFI (14.3% versus 6.6% for major LEA and 6.4% versus 3.5% for in-hospital mortality). Age, wound size, and HbA1c were independent risk factors favoring SIRS presentation. Perfusion grade 3 (odds ratio 3.37, p = 0.044) and history of major adverse cardiac events (OR 2.41, p = 0.036) were the independent factors for poor prognosis in treating patients with DFI presenting SIRS. SIRS when presented in patients with DFI is not only limb- but life-threatening as well. Clinicians should be aware of the clinical factors that are prone to develop and those affecting the prognosis in treating patients with limb-threatening foot infections.

SUBMITTER: Lin CW 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6832445 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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