Comparison of flanged intrascleral intraocular lens fixation versus iris claw intraocular lens fixation: A retrospective study.
ABSTRACT: Purpose:To compare the visual outcome and complications of retropupillary fixated iris claw intraocular lens (IOL) and sutureless intrascleral IOL fixation using the flanged fixation technique at 1 year. Methods:In this retrospective study, eyes that underwent either iris claw or flanged SFIOL from January 2016 to July 2017 with a minimum of 1-year follow-up were enrolled. Improvement in visual acuity, intraocular pressure measurements, endothelial cell count, central macular thickness, and complications were compared between and within groups at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Results:Data from 150 eyes were analyzed (n = 90 in the iris claw group and n = 60 in the flanged SFIOL group). Posterior capsular rent was the most common indication for IOL implantation (n = 51, 34%). The iris claw and SFIOL groups were comparable in terms of demographics and baseline characteristics. There was significant improvement in uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA) at 6 weeks in both groups (P = 0.77), and at 1 year, the UCDVA was comparable between groups (0.36 ± 0.32 in the iris claw group and 0.30 ± 0.28 in the SFIOL, P= 0.75). Transient elevation of intraocular pressure was seen slightly more in eyes with SFIOL (17%), while ovalization of the pupil was the main sequelae seen in the iris claw group (20%). Conclusion:Both iris claw IOL fixation and SFIOL using flange are viable options for surgical correction of aphakia. Visual outcomes are excellent at 6 weeks and are maintained till 1-year follow-up, and complication rates are acceptably low, although ovalization of pupil is common with iris claw IOLs.
Project description:<h4>Purpose</h4>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the following three distinct surgical procedures for secondary IOL implantation without capsular support: Iris-claw lens, flanged transscleral fixated IOLs (Yamane technique), and sutureless transscleral hook IOL fixation (Carlevale IOL).<h4>Materials and methods</h4>In this retrospective comparative study, three different sutureless IOL implantation techniques were compared in patients without any capsular support. Visual acuity and outcomes were analyzed in 24 eyes of 23 patients (14 male and 9 female). Study included 13 iris-claw lenses (Artisan Ophtec), 6 flanged transscleral fixated IOLs (Yamane technique using a MA60MA Alcon Inc IOL), and 5 transscleral Carlevale IOLS (Carlevale IOL, Soleko, Italy).<h4>Results</h4>logMAR mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) improved from 0.49 ± 0.19 to 0.19 ± 0.10 at three months after surgery (<i>p</i> < 0.05). Postoperative BCVA was similar in all three groups, and no intergroup difference was noted. Three eyes (12.5%) had a raised IOP >25 mmHg, 2 eyes (8%) presented a subluxated/dislocated IOL, 4 eyes (16%) had corneal edema longer than 7 days, 3 eyes (12.5%) had irregular pupil profile, 2 eyes (8%) had vitreous hemorrhage, 7 eyes had (29%) corneal astigmatism over 3 diopters, and one patient (4%) developed cystoid macular edema (CME).<h4>Conclusions</h4>All three surgical procedures can be considered adequate to correct aphakia in patients without capsular support with significant improvement in visual acuity and low complication.
Project description:Retropupillary iris-claw intraocular lenses (ICIOLs) have been increasingly chosen by surgeons nowadays as a primary or secondary procedure of IOL implantation in eyes with insufficient capsular or zonular support. They have gained popularity due to their simple fast technique, favourable functional outcomes, and safety. The transition in the ICIOL fixation from prepupillary to a more biologically appropriate retropupillary position and change in the optic design from biconvex to convex-concave have provided better visual outcomes and improved safety. A peer-reviewed literature search was conducted in Medline (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Library using the keywords "retropupillary iris claw" and "iris claw". The search yielded 310 articles that were screened. Forty-three articles on retropupillary ICIOLs were finally found to be relevant and reviewed in full-text versions. The functional outcomes following retropupillary implantation of ICIOLs have been acceptable in eyes with no ocular co-morbidities otherwise. However, the indications for surgery may affect the outcomes. The major postoperative complications directly associated with ICIOLs include pupil ovalization and redislocation. Nevertheless, the rate of disenclavation depends on the experience and skill of the surgeon. This review is based on a literature review, and it focuses on the preoperative evaluation, surgical technique, postoperative outcomes, and associated complications. Prospective randomized trials with a larger sample size and longer follow-up are needed for comparison with other techniques of IOL fixation and confirmation of long-term safety profile.
Project description:AIM:To compare whether aphakic contact lenses or secondary iris-claw intraocular lenses are superior in the refractive management post-pars plana vitreolensectomy in a pedigree with an FBN1 mutation causing non-syndromic ectopia lentis (NSEL) with retinal detachment (RD). METHODS:Eight affected individuals had pars plana vitreolensectomy for bilateral ectopia lentis (EL). Twelve eyes of 6 patients had secondary iris-claw intraocular lenses inserted and 4 eyes of 2 patients were managed with contact lenses. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) was treated when necessary. Pre- and post-operative assessment included visual acuity, endothelial cell count and dilated fundal examination. RESULTS:Macula-on RRD was present in all individuals >18y, 64% (7/11 eyes) presenting post-vitreolensectomy with 57% having bilateral non-synchronous RRD. Surgical aphakia was managed with iris-fixated intraocular lenses (IOL group, n=6), or contact lenses (CL group, n=2). Visual acuity ?0.3 logMAR (driving standard) was achieved in 75% of IOL group eyes and 25% of the CL group eyes. Mean loss of corneal endothelial cell count in the IOL group was 4% at 2y post-operative. CONCLUSION:In this cohort, refractive management with iris-claw IOLs provided superior outcomes to contact lenses and the authors recommend this as the optimal refractive correction in EL patients.
Project description:An iris-claw intraocular lens (IOL) has been widely used as a secondary implant in aphakic patients. The study presents the results of implanting the anterior chamber iris-claw Artisan IOL in cases of where an appropriate posterior capsular support is lacking. The study included 132 patients subjected to primary IOL implantation during complicated cataract surgery with damage to the posterior capsule (I), secondary implantation in aphakia (II), secondary implantation during penetrating keratoplasty (III), and secondary implantation during pars plana vitrectomy with luxated IOL extraction (IV). We analyzed the records of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE), intraocular pressure (IOP), and corneal endothelial cell count (cECC), taken before and 1, 2, 3, and 4 years after the surgery. BCVA depended on the time after IOL implantation and the primary indication. Four years post-surgery, the SE values were the lowest in group III. IOP was the same in all groups both before and after the surgery, but 4 years after the surgery IOP values in group IV were higher than in group III. The cECC decreased every year after the surgery in all groups, but four years after the IOL implantation, the lowest cECC values were observed in group IV. At the same time, all groups of patients showed improved BCVA, stable refraction, and a low percentage of postoperative complications.
Project description:The purpose of the study was to report our initial experience with the transconjunctival Intrascleral Intraocular Lens (SFIOL) fixation with modified Yamane's double-needle technique and flanged haptics.This was a prospective interventional study that enrolled 31 consecutive patients undergoing SFIOL with the modified Yamane's technique. All patients underwent comprehensive evaluation including uncorrected and best-corrected vision, intraocular pressure, ultrasound biomicroscopy, endothelial cell density, and macular thickness using optical coherence tomography (OCT). We excluded patients with visually significant coexistent pathology such as corneal scars, macular pathology, and glaucoma.The mean age of subjects was 57 ± 16.9 years and 23 were men (74%). Surgery was performed for aphakia following complicated cataract surgery in 10 eyes (32%), with lensectomy for subluxated/dislocated cataract in 6 eyes (19%), and with IOL explantation for subluxated/dislocated IOL in 15 eyes (48%). There were no intraoperative complications. Uncorrected visual acuity improved from median of 1.48 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) units (interquartile range [IQR] = 1.3-2 logMAR) at baseline to 0.3 logMAR (IQR = 0.2-0.4 logMAR) at 6 weeks (P < 0.001) which was maintained at 6 months. There were no significant changes in endothelial cell density (P = 0.34) and OCT-based macular thickness (P = 0.31) at 6 months. Two eyes had slight IOL decentration.Our initial experience suggests that the Yamane's technique for SFIOL is a simple procedure with a short-learning curve and is independent of scleral flaps, tunnels, sutures, and fibrin glue. Using widely available 27-gauge needle instead of 30-gauge thin wall needle as originally described by Yamane makes it possible for the use of various three-piece IOLs available globally. Further studies are required for widespread acceptance of this technique.
Project description:The purpose of this study is to report the modification of sewing machine technique for iris dialysis repair (MSMT) and its usefulness in managing other conditions such as intraocular lens (IOL) subluxation, iris coloboma, Cionni ring for zonular dialysis, and for scleral-fixated IOL. MSMT was based on sewing machine principle using a prethreaded 26G/30G needle with prolene suture for minimally invasive iris dialysis repair in a closed chamber manner. So far, eight patients (trauma - 3, surgical complication - 5) underwent this procedure. This technique is further modified to extend its use for IOL relocation - 2, iris coloboma repair - 3, and Cionni ring fixation for zonular dialysis - 2, SFIOL - 5 patients. All 20 patients had good visual recovery and cosmetic outcome with minimal morbidity. To conclude, MSMT offers cost -effective, minimally invasive, easy to learn procedure with a potential to tackle several problems related with cataract surgery and iris defects, which even an average cataract surgeon can learn to perform when required. Further comparative studies with conventional techniques with large sample size are required to standardize this procedure.
Project description:Purpose:To report clinical outcomes and surgical technique of flanged intrascleral intraocular lens fixation with double-needle combined with either penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) or ultrathin Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (UT-DSAEK). Observations:Five patients underwent combined flanged intrascleral intraocular lens fixation with double-needle technique and keratoplasty. Three patients underwent triple procedure (open sky intrascleral intraocular lens fixation with double-needle and PKP) secondary to ocular trauma or a failed corneal transplant. Two patients underwent combined UT-DSAEK and intrascleral intraocular lens fixation for pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK) and anterior chamber intraocular lens (AC IOL). Conclusion:Flanged intrascleral intraocular lens fixation with double-needle technique combined with PKP or UT-DSAEK was shown to be a safe and effective method of visual rehabilitation without additional intraoperative complications.
Project description:Among 20 million cataract surgeries being performed worldwide every year, approximately 5% are being complicated by posterior capsule rent or zonular dialysis. Intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in such cases with intraoperative complications is quite challenging. Our next course of action is to place the IOL in the ciliary sulcus, however, there is a risk of IOL drop into the vitreous in cases of inadequate support. We have described a novel idea of using a suture material through the dialling hole of a three-piece rigid IOL which can be used as a leash to reduce the risk of IOL drop during implantation in such cases. This technique could also be used during sutureless scleral fixated IOL and retro-pupillary iris claw lens implantation. We found that in 90 consecutive patients where this technique was used, there was no incidence of IOL drop or retinal detachment.
Project description:<h4>Purpose</h4>Intraocular lens (IOL) fixation using a sutureless 27-gauge needle intrascleral IOL implantation technique requires six surgical wounds. We developed a modified technique using two 27-gauge trocars for vitrectomy and indwelling flanged IOL haptics to reduce the number of surgical wounds.<h4>Setting</h4>Department of Ophthalmology, Hyogo College of Medicine.<h4>Design</h4>This retrospective study enrolled 54 patients who had undergone IOL scleral fixation between January 2016 and April 2019.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients who underwent IOL scleral fixation and were observed for >12 weeks were analysed using medical record data. Before October 2017, patients underwent normal flanged IOL scleral fixation. Between November 2017 and April 2019, patients underwent the modified method (flanged IOL via 27-gauge trocars with double-needle technique). Primary end-point was superiority or non-inferiority of modified IOL scleral fixation compared with normal IOL scleral fixation for visual acuity (VA). Changes in corneal endothelium cell number, refractivity, astigmatisms and surgery-related complications, were secondary end-points.<h4>Results</h4>There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between groups. Raw VA and best collected VA (BCVA) were significantly improved in all eyes (p-). There were no statistical significances in raw VA, BCVA and surgery-related complications between groups.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Results of the modified technique were not inferior compared with the original technique although it was less invasive. Therefore, flanged IOL fixation via trocars using a double-needle technique is a useful technique for IOL implantation.
Project description:We describe a simply modified intrascleral fixation using round flange (SMURF) technique and report the clinical outcomes of the surgery. Forty-one eyes of 41 consecutive patients, with intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation, crystalline lens subluxation, and zonular weakness, who underwent surgery using the SMURF technique were included. The modified technique included the use of a conventional 27-gauge needle, a non-bent needle, oblique sclerotomy, direct threading of the leading haptic, and simple placement of the following haptic. IOLs were successfully placed and showed good centring. There were no cases of wound leakage or hypotony during the early postoperative period. Postoperative complications included vitreous haemorrhage in one eye (2.4%), intraocular pressure elevation in one eye (2.4%), and iris capture in six eyes (14.6%). There were no cases of postoperative retinal detachment, cystoid macular oedema, endophthalmitis, or IOL dislocation during the follow-up period. We proposed a few modifications in the intrascleral flanged technique for IOL fixation. The modified technique is a simple, easy, and minimally invasive procedure for successful IOL intrascleral fixation.