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MSC-secreted TGF-? regulates lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage M2-like polarization via the Akt/FoxO1 pathway.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:An uncontrolled inflammatory response is a critical pathophysiological feature of sepsis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) induce macrophage phenotype polarization and reduce inflammation in sepsis. MSC-secreted transforming growth factor beta (TGF-?) participated in the immune modulatory function of MSCs. However, the underlying mechanism of MSC-secreted TGF-? was not fully elucidated in regulation macrophage M2-like polarization. METHODS:The paracrine effects of MSCs on macrophage polarization were studied using a co-culture protocol with LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells/mouse peritoneal macrophages and MSCs. The effect of TGF-? in the co-culture system was blocked by the TGF-? receptor inhibitor. To determine the role of MSC-secreted TGF-?, we used recombinant TGF-? to culture with LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. In addition, we employed antibody microarray analysis to determine the mechanisms of MSC secreted TGF-? on LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cell/mouse peritoneal macrophage M2-like polarization. Furthermore, we used an Akt inhibitor and a FoxO1 inhibitor to inhibit the Akt/FoxO1 pathway. The nuclear translocation of FoxO1 was detected by Western blot. RESULTS:MSCs induced LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cell/mouse peritoneal macrophage polarization towards the M2-like phenotype and significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels via paracrine, which was inhibited by TGF-? receptor inhibitor. Furthermore, we found that MSC-secreted TGF-? enhanced the macrophage phagocytic ability. The antibody microarray analysis and Western blot verified that TGF-? treatment activated the Akt/FoxO1 pathway in LPS-stimulated macrophages, TGF-?-induced FoxO1 nuclear translocation and obviously expressed in the cytoplasm, the effects of TGF-? regulatory effects on LPS-stimulated macrophage were inhibited by pre-treatment with Akt inhibitor and FoxO1 inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS:TGF-? secreted by MSCs could skew LPS-stimulated macrophage polarization towards the M2-like phenotype, reduce inflammatory reactions, and improve the phagocytic ability via the Akt/FoxO1 pathway, providing potential therapeutic strategies for sepsis.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6878630 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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