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Hydrogen peroxide depolarizes mitochondria and inhibits IP3-evoked Ca2+ release in the endothelium of intact arteries.

ABSTRACT: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) that regulates vascular signalling transduction, vasocontraction and vasodilation. Although the physiological role of ROS in endothelial cells is acknowledged, the mechanisms underlying H2O2 regulation of signalling in native, fully-differentiated endothelial cells is unresolved. In the present study, the effects of H2O2 on Ca2+ signalling were investigated in the endothelium of intact rat mesenteric arteries. Spontaneous local Ca2+ signals and acetylcholine evoked Ca2+ increases were inhibited by H2O2. H2O2 inhibition of acetylcholine-evoked Ca2+ signals was reversed by catalase. H2O2 exerts its inhibition on the IP3 receptor as Ca2+ release evoked by photolysis of caged IP3 was supressed by H2O2. H2O2 suppression of IP3-evoked Ca2+ signalling may be mediated by mitochondria. H2O2 depolarized mitochondria membrane potential. Acetylcholine-evoked Ca2+ release was inhibited by depolarisation of the mitochondrial membrane potential by the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) or complex 1 inhibitor, rotenone. We propose that the suppression of IP3-evoked Ca2+ release by H2O2 arises from the decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential. These results suggest that mitochondria may protect themselves against Ca2+ overload during IP3-linked Ca2+ signals by a H2O2 mediated negative feedback depolarization of the organelle and inhibition of IP3-evoked Ca2+ release.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6891240 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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