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A Novel Calcium-Mediated EMT Pathway Controlled by Lipids: An Opportunity for Prostate Cancer Adjuvant Therapy.

ABSTRACT: The composition of periprostatic adipose tissue (PPAT) has been shown to play a role in prostate cancer (PCa) progression. We recently reported an inverse association between PCa aggressiveness and elevated PPAT linoleic acid (LA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) content. In the present study, we identified a new signaling pathway with a positive feedback loop between the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) transcription factor Zeb1 and the Ca2+-activated K+ channel SK3, which leads to an amplification of Ca2+ entry and cellular migration. Using in vitro experiments and ex vivo cultures of human PCa slices, we demonstrated that LA and EPA exert anticancer effects, by modulating Ca2+ entry, which was involved in Zeb1 regulation and cancer cellular migration. This functional approach using human prostate tumors highlights the clinical relevance of our observations, and may allow us to consider the possibility of targeting cancer spread by altering the lipid microenvironment.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6896176 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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