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Intestinal Dysbiosis and Markers of Systemic Inflammation in Viscerally and Generally Obese Persons Living With HIV.


ABSTRACT:

Background

The intestinal microbiota contributes to the pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic disorders. People living with HIV (PLWH) have a higher risk for the development of visceral adiposity with accompanying worsened cardiovascular risk.

Setting

Convenience sample from an HIV clinic and research unit.

Methods

To understand the relationship between adiposity and intestinal dysbiosis, we compared the gut microbiota and inflammatory markers in a cross-sectional study of viscerally obese, generally obese, and lean PLWH. Fecal intestinal microbiota was characterized by 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing. Abdominal CTs quantified subcutaneous adipose tissue and visceral adipose tissue (SAT; VAT). Serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein, adiponectin, leptin, IL-6, MCP-1, and sCD14 were assayed.

Results

We studied 15, 9, and 11 participants with visceral obesity, general obesity, and lean body type, respectively. The generally obese group were all women and 2/3 African American, whereas the visceral obesity and lean groups were predominantly white and men who have sex with men. Markers of systemic inflammation and sCD14 were higher in general obesity compared with lean. sCD14 was positively correlated with VAT, but not SAT. Bacterial diversity was significantly reduced in participants with visceral and general obesity and composition of intestinal microbiota was significantly different from lean body types. Bacterial alpha diversity was negatively correlated with VAT area, waist/hip ratio, and sCD14, but not with SAT area.

Conclusions

In this exploratory study, obesity in general was associated with dysbiotic intestinal microbiota. The relationships of VAT to bacterial diversity and sCD14 suggest that dysbiosis in viscerally obese PLWH could be associated with heightened inflammatory state.

SUBMITTER: Gogokhia L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6901102 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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