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Onset of summer monsoon in Northeast India is preceded by enhanced transpiration.

ABSTRACT: Variations in isotopic composition of water vapor in the atmosphere is an important indicator of the processes within the hydrological cycle. Isotopic signature of water vapor and precipitation can be helpful in partitioning evaporation and transpiration fluxes. It is well known that transpiration from forested regions supplies a significant amount of vapor to the atmosphere in monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. Here, we utilize observations from Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), Atmospheric Infra-Red Sounder (AIRS) and simulation models to ascertain that transpiration is dominant in the forests of Northeast India (NE) during pre-monsoon season. Our results show an increase in ?D of 78.0?±?7.1‰ and in specific humidity of 3.1?±?0.2?g?kg-1 during the pre-monsoon months of April-May compared to January-February. In the monsoon months of July-August, ?D reduces by 53.0?±?6.5‰ albeit the specific humidity increases by 3.4?±?0.2?g?kg-1. Using joint observations of specific humidity and isotope ratio in lower troposphere, we discern the moisture sources over NE India in pre-monsoon and monsoon seasons and posit the role of transpiration in continental recycling during pre-monsoon season.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6901459 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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