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Atlas of quantitative single-base-resolution N6-methyl-adenine methylomes.


ABSTRACT: Various methyltransferases and demethylases catalyse methylation and demethylation of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and N6,2'-O-dimethyladenosine (m6Am) but precise methylomes uniquely mediated by each methyltransferase/demethylase are still lacking. Here, we develop m6A-Crosslinking-Exonuclease-sequencing (m6ACE-seq) to map transcriptome-wide m6A and m6Am at quantitative single-base-resolution. This allows for the generation of a comprehensive atlas of distinct methylomes uniquely mediated by every individual known methyltransferase or demethylase. Our atlas reveals METTL16 to indirectly impact manifold methylation targets beyond its consensus target motif and highlights the importance of precision in mapping PCIF1-dependent m6Am. Rather than reverse RNA methylation, we find that both ALKBH5 and FTO instead maintain their regulated sites in an unmethylated steady-state. In FTO's absence, anomalous m6Am disrupts snRNA interaction with nuclear export machinery, potentially causing aberrant pre-mRNA splicing events.

SUBMITTER: Koh CWQ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6904561 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.14806/ej.17.1.200

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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