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Low skeletal muscle capillarization limits muscle adaptation to resistance exercise training in older adults.


ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES:Adequate muscle perfusion supports the transport of nutrients, oxygen and hormones into muscle fibers. Aging is associated with a substantial decrease in skeletal muscle capillarization, fiber size and oxidative capacity, which may be improved with regular physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle capillarization and indices of muscle hypertrophy (i.e. lean mass; fiber cross sectional area (CSA)) in older adults before and after 12?weeks of progressive resistance exercise training (RET). DESIGN:Interventional study SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 19 subjects (10 male and 9 female; 71.1?±?4.3?years; 27.6?±?3.2 BMI) were enrolled in the study and performed a whole body RET program for 12?weeks. Subjects where then retrospectively divided into a LOW or HIGH group, based on their pre-RET capillary-to-fiber perimeter exchange index (CFPE). Physical activity level, indices of capillarization (capillaries-to-fiber ratio, C:Fi; CFPE index and capillary-to-fiber interface, LC-PF index), muscle hypertrophy, muscle protein turnover and mitochondrial function were assessed before and after RET. RESULTS:Basal capillarization (C:Fi; CFPE and LP-CF index) correlates with daily physical activity level (C:Fi, r?=?0.57, p?=?0.019; CFPE index, r?=?0.55, p?=?0.024; LC-PF index, r?=?0.56, p?=?0.022) and CFPE and LC-PF indices were also positively associated with oxidative capacity (respectively r?=?0.45, p?=?0.06; r?=?0.67, p?=?0.004). Following RET, subjects in the HIGH group underwent hypertrophy with significant improvements in muscle protein synthesis and muscle fiber CSA (p?

SUBMITTER: Moro T 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6904952 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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