Identification of lncRNA, MicroRNA, and mRNA-Associated CeRNA Network of Radiation-Induced Lung Injury in a Mice Model.
ABSTRACT: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) can be challenging for thoracic radiotherapy, thus investigating its mechanisms of related pathophysiological process is needed. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) was found to participate in normal tissue damage induced by ionizing irradiation. Here, we first profiled the dysregulation of lncRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) of RILI in mice model receiving 12 Gy thoracic irradiation. The lung tissue was collected 48 hours after irradiation, after which an RNA library was built by RNA sequencing. Compared with the control group, 461 mRNAs and 401 lncRNAs were significantly upregulated, while 936 mRNAs and 501 lncRNAs were significantly downregulated. Then we predicted target miRNAs of the dysregulated lncRNAs and the target mRNAs of these miRNAs. Next, functional annotations of these target mRNAs were performed. Results showed some pathways apparently dysregulated, such as Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, Th17 cell differentiation, and hematopoietic cell lineage. Through this study, we also highlighted that T helpers could be vital in RILI through lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network, therefore causing fibrosis, indicating that RNA dysregulation in early stage of RILI may cause severe late complications. Thus, research on the target mechanism and early intervention of lncRNAs with associated competing endogenous RNA network will benefit the treatment of RILI.
Project description:Global expression profiling studies showed that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in uterine leiomyomas (ULMs) and are involved in ULM pathogenesis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are another group of regulatory RNA whose expression and roles in ULMs have not been explored. In this study, we examined the global expressions of lncRNAs and mRNAs in ULMs using microarray and interrogated their interrelationship through co-expression analysis. We found that lncRNAs and mRNAs were dysregulated in ULMs and the degree of dysregulation was positively correlated with tumor size. Further analysis showed that lncRNAs correlate to their cis mRNAs in expression levels depending on genomic locations and orientations. Moreover, we identified several dysregulated pathways that were correlated to dysregulated lncRNAs. We validated several aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in extended samples and confirmed that AK023096 was down-regulated and chromatin-associated RNA (CAR) Intergenic 10 was up-regulated in the majority of leiomyomas. Knockdown of Intergenic 10 inhibited the proliferation of leiomyoma cells in vitro, indicating its functional importance in ULM pathogenesis. The neighboring protein-coding gene ADAM12 was also downregulated in Intergenic 10 knockdown leiomyoma cells. We showed for the first time that lncRNAs were dysregulated in uterine leiomyomas. Aberrantly expressed lncRNAs may contribute to the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>A great deal of research has reported dysregulated expression of genes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to analyze the lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA expression profile in SLE.<h4>Material and methods</h4>RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to detect the dysregulated RNAs in SLE. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways analysis were used to explore the function of these differentially expressed RNAs.<h4>Results</h4>2,353 lncRNAs, 827 mRNAs and 24 miRNAs were shown to be differentially expressed. GO analyses demonstrated that differentially expressed RNAs were enriched in a variety of molecular functions and biological processes including ribonucleotide, protein serine/threonine kinase activity function, regulation of B cell differentiation and others. KEGG pathway analyses revealed that differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs were both enriched in Fc?R-mediated phagocytosis, glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis-chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate and glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism pathways. The up-regulated miRNAs target genes were mainly enriched in the nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) signaling pathway. The down-regulated miRNAs target genes were significantly enriched in metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, bile secretion and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathways.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The current study reveals a comprehensive expression profile of lncRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs and implies potential regulatory functions of these RNAs which are involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.
Project description:In this study, we obtained the RNA expression data of murine skin tissues of control, and UVB irradiated groups. After the re-annotation of lncRNAs, a gene expression similarity analysis was done by WGCNA. The target mRNA prediction of lncRNAs, miRNAs, and ceRNA regulatory networks were constructed by five lncRNAs, 14 miRNAs and 54 mRNAs, respectively. Based on the ceRNA network of UVB-induced skin lesions, it was evident that the dysregulation of Meg3 has critical effects on the UVB-induced inflammatory lesion of murine skin tissues. The overexpression of Meg3 after UVB irradiation was observed in primary murine skin fibroblasts, and the up-regulated Meg3 expression was related to the activation of the inflammatory cytokines. These functional experiments demonstrated that the RNA silencing of Meg3 in murine skin fibroblasts could suppress the expression of the cytokines (in vitro) and UVB-induced skin lesions (in vivo). Moreover, the Meg3 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) that acted as a sponge for miR-93-5p and thereby modulated the expression of Epiregulin (Ereg). Our results proved that Meg3 was involved in UVB-induced skin inflammation and that the ceRNA networks, which includes miR-93-5p and Ereg, could prove to be a potential therapeutic target for UVB-induced skin damage.
Project description:Background: Drug resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs or targeted medicines is an obstacle encountered in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the mechanisms of competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) on the drug resistance in NSCLC are rarely reported. In this paper, the comprehensive expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in drug-resistant NSCLC cells were obtained by RNA sequencing. Methods: The dysregulated lncRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs in drug-resistant NSCLC cell lines were identified by RNA-sequencing and bioinformatics methods. Results: A total of 39 dysregulated lncRNAs and 650 dysregulated mRNAs were identified between drug-resistant NSCLC cell lines and their parental cell lines. Additionally, 33 lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA pathways in the ceRNA network in drug-resistant NSCLC were constructed through bioinformatics methods and ceRNA regulatory rules. These comprised 12 dysregulated lncRNAs, five dysregulated miRNAs, and eight dysregulated mRNAs. In addition, lncRNA ATP2B1/miR-222-5p/TAB2 and lncRNA HUWE1/miR-222-5p/TAB2 were identified as potential ceRNA networks involved in drug resistance to NSCLC. Conclusions: The current study provides a promising therapeutic strategy against the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA regulatory network for NSCLC treatment and deepens our comprehension of the ceRNA regulatory mechanisms related to drug resistance to NSCLC.
Project description:Radiotherapy as a primary treatment for thoracic malignancies induces deleterious effects, such as acute or subacute radiation-induced lung injury (RILI). Although the molecular etiology of RILI is controversial and likely multifactorial, a potentially important cellular target is the lung endothelial cytoskeleton that regulates paracellular gap formation and the influx of macromolecules and fluid to the alveolar space. Here we investigate the central role of a key endothelial cytoskeletal regulatory protein, the nonmuscle isoform of myosin light chain kinase (nmMLCK), in an established murine RILI model. Our results indicate that thoracic irradiation significantly augmented nmMLCK protein expression and enzymatic activity in murine lungs. Furthermore, genetically engineered mice harboring a deletion of the nmMLCK gene (nmMLCK(-/-) mice) exhibited protection from RILI, as assessed by attenuated vascular leakage and leukocyte infiltration. In addition, irradiated wild-type mice treated with two distinct MLCK enzymatic inhibitors, ML-7 and PIK (peptide inhibitor of kinase), also demonstrated attenuated RILI. Taken together, these data suggests a key role for nmMLCK in vascular barrier regulation in RILI and warrants further examination of RILI strategies that target nmMLCK.
Project description:The aim of the present study was to investigate the interactions among messenger RNAs (mRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in colorectal cancer (CRC), in order to examine its underlying mechanisms. The raw gene expression data was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. An online tool, GEO2R, which is based on the limma package, was used to identify differentially expressed genes. The co-expression between lncRNAs and mRNAs was identified utilizing the weighted gene co-expression analysis package of R to construct a coding non-coding (CNC) network. The function of the genes in the CNC network was determined by performing Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways enrichment analysis. The interactions among miRNAs, mRNAs and lncRNAs were predicted using Lncbase and mirWalk to construct the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. The expression of the genes involved in the ceRNA network was further validated in The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. A total of 3,183 dysregulated mRNAs, 78 dysregulated miRNAs and 2,248 dysregulated lncRNAs were screened in two GEO datasets. Combined with the results of the dysregulated genes, 169 genes were selected to construct the CNC network. 'p53 signaling pathway' and the 'cell cycle' were the most significant enriched pathways in the genes involved in the CNC network. Finally, a validated ceRNA network composed of 2 lncRNAs (MIR22HG and RP11-61I13.3), 5 miRNAs (hsa-miR-765, hsa-miR-198, hsa-miR-125a-3p, hsa-miR-149-3p and hsa-miR-650) and 5 mRNAs (ANK2, BTK, GBP2, PCSK5 and PDK4) was obtained. In conclusion, MIR22HG may regulate PCSK5, BTK and PDK4, and RP11-61I13.3 may regulate the ANK2, GBP2, PCSK5 through sponging miRNAs to act on the progression of CRC, and the potential function of these genes have been revealed. However, the diagnostic and prognostic value of these genes requires further validation.
Project description:Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a kind of non-coding RNA with transcripts more than 200 bp in length. LncRNA can interact with the miRNA as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to regulate the expression of target genes, which play a significant role in the initiation and progression of tumors. In this study, we explored the functional roles and regulatory mechanisms of lncRNAs as ceRNAs in gastric cancer, and their potential implications for prognosis. The lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs expression profiles of 375 gastric cancer tissues and 32 non-tumor gastric tissues were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differential expression of RNAs was identified using the DESeq package. Survival analysis was estimated based on Kaplan-Meier curve analysis. KEGG pathway analysis was performed using KOBAS 3.0. The dysregulated lncRNA-associated ceRNA network was constructed in gastric cancer based on bioinformatics generated from miRcode and miRTarBase. A total of 237 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 198 miRNAs between gastric cancer and matched normal tissues were screened in our study with thresholds of |log2FC| >2 and adjusted P value <0.01. Eleven discriminatively expressed lncRNAs may be correlated with tumorigenesis of gastric cancer. Seven out of 11 dysregulated lncRNA were found to be significantly associated with overall survival in gastric cancer (P value <0.05). The newly identified ceRNA network includes 11 gastric cancer-specific lncRNAs, 9 miRNAs, and 41 mRNAs. Collectively, our study will contribute to improving the understanding of the lncRNA-associated ceRNA network regulatory mechanisms in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer and provide and identify novel lncRNAs as candidate prognostic biomarkers or potential therapeutic targets.
Project description:As circular RNAs (circRNAs) regulates the effect of micro RNAs (miRNAs), circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network might be implicated in various disease pathogenesis. Therefore, we evaluated the dysregulated circRNAs in the Tg2576 mouse Alzheimer's disease (AD) model, their possible regulatory effects on downstream target mRNAs, and their pathomechanistic role during the disease progression. The microarray-based circRNA expression analysis at seven- and twelve-months of ages (7?M and 12?M) returned 101 dysregulated circRNAs at 7?M (55 up-regulated and 46 down-regulated) and twelve dysregulated circRNAs at 12?M (five up-regulated and seven down-regulated). For each dysregulated circRNA, potential target miRNAs and their downstream target mRNAs were searched. Dysregulation of circRNAs was associated with increased frequency of relevant dysregulation of their downstream target mRNAs. Those differentially expressed circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network included 2,275 networks (876 for up-regulated circRNAs and 1,399 for down-regulated circRNAs) at 7?M and 38 networks (25 for up-regulated circRNAs and 13 for down-regulated circRNAs) at 12?M. Gene ontology (GO) and pathway analyses demonstrated that the dysregulated mRNAs in those networks represent the AD pathomechanism at each disease stage. We concluded that the dysregulated circRNAs might involve in the AD pathogenesis by modulating disease relevant mRNAs via circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks.
Project description:The dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is associated with the development of various diseases. However, little is known about the regulatory function of lncRNAs in peritendinous fibrosis. Therefore, the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in normal tendon and fibrotic peritendinous tissues were analyzed in this study using RNA sequencing. In total, 219 lncRNAs and 3403 mRNAs were identified that were differentially expressed between the two sets of tissues. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses revealed that the dysregulated mRNAs were mainly associated with immune regulation, inflammation, extracellular matrix (ECM) production and remodeling, and cell cycle regulation. An lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network revealed 181 network pairs comprising eight dysregulated lncRNAs and 146 mRNAs. The results of the bioinformatics analysis indicated that the dysregulated lncRNAs play a role in fibrogenesis through regulation of the cell cycle, inflammation, and ECM production. Furthermore, silencing the lncRNA dnm3os prevented transforming growth factor (TGF)-?1-induced tenocyte proliferation and expression of genes related to fibrogenesis. These findings provide a basis for investigations into the regulatory mechanisms underlying the development and progression of peritendinous fibrosis.
Project description:LncRNAs have been reported to play an important role in various diseases. However, their role in the radiation-induced intestinal injury is unknown. The goal of the present study was to analyse the potential mechanistic role of lncRNAs in the radiation-induced intestinal injury. Mice were divided into two groups: Control (non-irradiated) and irradiated. Irradiated mice were administered 14 Gy of abdominal irradiation (ABI) and were assessed 3.5 days after irradiation. Changes to the jejuna of ABI mice were analysed using RNA-Seq for alterations to both lncRNA and mRNA. These results were validated using qRT-PCR. LncRNAs targets were predicted based on analysis of lncRNAs-miRNAs-mRNAs interaction. 29 007 lncRNAs and 17 142 mRNAs were detected in the two groups. At 3.5 days post-irradiation, 91 lncRNAs and 57 lncRNAs were significantly up- and downregulated respectively. Similarly, 752 mRNAs and 400 mRNAs were significantly up- and downregulated respectively. qRT-PCR was used to verify the altered expression of four lncRNAs (ENSMUST00000173070, AK157361, AK083183, AK038898) and four mRNAs (Mboat1, Nek10, Ccl24, Cyp2c55). Gene ontology and KEGG pathway analyses indicated the predicted genes were mainly involved in the VEGF signalling pathway. This study reveals that the expression of lncRNAs was altered in the jejuna of mice post-irradiation. Moreover, it provides a resource for the study of lncRNAs in the radiation-induced intestinal injury.