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Topology-dependent anomalous dynamics of ring and linear DNA are sensitive to cytoskeleton crosslinking.


ABSTRACT: Cytoskeletal crowding plays a key role in the diffusion of DNA molecules through the cell, acting as a barrier to effective intracellular transport and conformational stability required for processes such as transfection, viral infection, and gene therapy. Here, we elucidate the transport properties and conformational dynamics of linear and ring DNA molecules diffusing through entangled and crosslinked composite networks of actin and microtubules. We couple single-molecule conformational tracking with differential dynamic microscopy to reveal that ring and linear DNA exhibit unexpectedly distinct transport properties that are influenced differently by cytoskeleton crosslinking. Ring DNA coils are swollen and undergo heterogeneous and biphasic subdiffusion that is hindered by crosslinking. Conversely, crosslinking actually facilitates the single-mode subdiffusion that compacted linear chains exhibit. Our collective results demonstrate that transient threading by cytoskeleton filaments plays a key role in the dynamics of ring DNA, whereas the mobility of the cytoskeleton dictates transport of linear DNA.

SUBMITTER: Wulstein DM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6910835 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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