Analysis of Perioperative Platelet Indices and Their Prognostic Value in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Treated with Surgery and Postoperative Radiotherapy: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES:Activated platelets might play an important role in tumor progression. Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been used as a surrogate marker for platelet activation, and therefore its value as a marker of tumor prognosis has attracted recent attention. In this study, we aimed to critically evaluate the prognostic significance of the perioperative platelet count (COP), MPV and the MPV/COP ratio in head and neck cancer patients. Additionally, we explored the individual postoperative trajectory of these indices and their association with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated 122 head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients receiving surgery with curative intent followed by postoperative radiotherapy. Platelet indices were measured preoperatively and on days 1 and 7 postoperatively. OS and DFS were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier estimators, the log-rank test and uni and multivariable Cox models. Cutoffs to dichotomize patients for Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests were empirically chosen at the respective median. The median follow-up was 8.8 years. RESULTS:The adjusted preoperative COP, MPV and MPV/COP ratio were not associated with disease outcome. A low postoperative COP and a high MPV/COP ratio on the first postoperative day were independently associated with worse OS and DFS. In comparison to the preoperative measurements, patients whose COP increased by day 1 post-op showed a better OS (hazard ratio (HR) per 50 G/L increase: 0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.58-0.93, p = 0.013) and DFS (HR per 50 G/L increase: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.58-0.94, p = 0.018) in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS:Our results suggest that a low postoperative COP and a high MPV/COP ratio represent a negative prognostic factor for OS and DFS. Notably, patients with an increase in COP by day 1 post-op when compared to their preoperative value showed a significantly better OS and DFS.
Project description:The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of a novel inflammation-based prognostic system, called COP-LMR (combination of platelet count and lymphocyte to monocyte ratio), for predicting postoperative survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). COP-LMR was calculated on the basis of the obtained data. Patients with both an elevated platelet count (PLT) (>30 × 104mm-3) and a low LMR (<3.6) were assigned a score of 2, and patients with one or none of the parameters were assigned a score of 1 or 0, respectively. A total of 1120 patients who underwent complete resection were enrolled in this study. Multivariate analysis revealed that COP-LMR is an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival (DFS) (P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test revealed that COP-LMR stratified the patients into 3 independent groups (P<0.001). In conclusion, COP-LMR is a potential prognostic biomarker in patients undergoing surgery for NSCLC.
Project description:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of a systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and the relationship between SII and the effectiveness of postoperative treatment in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS:A total of 538 patients diagnosed with NSCLC who had undergone curative surgery were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Clinicopathologic and laboratory variables were collected. SII was defined as neutrophil × platelet/lymphocyte counts. Both univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to analyze the prognostic value of these factors. RESULTS:The preoperative SII level was associated with sex, smoking history, histological type, lesion type, resection type, pathological stage, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR), fibrinogen and bone metastasis (P<0.05). The univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that SII was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival (DFS, P=0.033) and overall survival (OS, P=0.020). Furthermore, the prognostic value of SII was also verified regardless of the histological type and pathological stage. The subgroup analysis demonstrated that patients with a high SII may benefit from adjuvant therapy (P=0.024 for DFS and P=0.012 for OS). CONCLUSION:An increased preoperative SII may independently predict the poor DFS and OS in patients with resectable NSCLC. SII may help select NSCLC patients who might benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy.
Project description:Background: Preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are associated with poor prognosis in soft tissue sarcoma (STS). The aim of the present study is to determine whether the combination of NLR and PLR (CNP) can better predict patient survival after resection for STS. Methods: We included 310 STS patients in this retrospective study. Preoperative CNP was calculated as follows: patients with both elevated NLR (>2.51) and PLR (>191.1) were given a score of 2; patients showing an increase in one or neither were allocated a score of 1 or 0, respectively. Results: Cut-off values of 2.51 and 191.1 were defined as elevated NLR and PLR, respectively. Elevated CNP was significantly associated with older age (P=0.034), larger tumor size (P=0.025), deeper tumor location (P=0.044), higher tumor grade (P=0.028), a more advanced stage according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) (P=0.005), shorter overall survival (OS) (P=0.000) and shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (P=0.000). Multivariate analysis indicated CNP but not NLR or PLR to be an independent prognostic factor for OS and DFS (P=0.000 and P=0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Preoperative CNP is associated with tumor progression and can be considered an independent marker of postoperative survival in patients with STS.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:Preoperative thrombocytosis has been implicated as a negative prognostic marker for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). We assessed whether thrombocytosis is an independent risk factor for EOC recurrence and death. METHODS:Perioperative patient characteristics and process-of-care variables (National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP)-defined) were retrospectively abstracted from 587 women who underwent EOC staging between 1/2/03-12/29/08. Thrombocytosis was defined as platelet count > 450 × 10(9)/L. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined using Kaplan-Meier methods. Associations were evaluated with Cox proportional hazards regression and hazard ratios (HR). RESULTS:The incidence of preoperative thrombocytosis was 22.3%. DFS was 70.8% and 36.0% at 1 and 3 years. OS was 83.3% and 54.3% at 1 and 3 years. Ascites, lower hemoglobin, advanced disease, and receipt of perioperative packed red blood cell transfusion were independently associated with thrombocytosis. Older age and the presence of coronary artery disease were associated with lower likelihood of thrombocytosis. Overall, thrombocytosis was an independent predictor of increased risk of recurrence. Among early stage (I/II) cases, there was a 5-fold increase in the risk of death and nearly 8-fold risk of disease recurrence independently associated with thrombocytosis. CONCLUSION:Preoperative thrombocytosis portends worse DFS in EOC. In early stage disease, thrombocytosis is a potent predictor of worse DFS and OS and further assessment of the impact of circulating platelet-derived factors on EOC survival is warranted. Thrombocytosis is also associated with extensive initial disease burden, measurable residual disease, and postoperative sequelae. Preoperative platelet levels may have value in primary cytoreduction counseling.
Project description:Activated platelets promote tumor cell growth, angiogenesis, and invasion. Platelet activity can be inferred by platelet volume indices (PVIs), which include platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width-to-platelet count ratio (PDW/P), and mean platelet volume-to-platelet count ratio. Platelets and platelet-related markers, such as the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, have been found to be significant prognostic factors in patients with breast cancer. However, the role of PVIs for predicting survival in breast cancer remains unknown; hence, we performed this retrospective analysis of 275 patients with breast cancer. PVIs were compared with clinicopathological variables, and were assessed to identify independent indicators associated with disease-free survival (DFS) using the Cox proportional hazards model. An elevated PDW/P significantly correlated with age and HER2 status. Univariate analysis revealed that elevated PDW, MPV, and PDW/P as well as tumor size, nuclear grade, and lymph node involvement were significantly associated with inferior DFS rates (tumor size: p<0.01; nuclear grade, lymph node involvement, PDW, MPV, and PDW/P: p<0.05). On multivariate analysis, a large tumor size and elevated PDW/P were significant prognostic factors for DFS, with hazard ratios of 3.24 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.24-8.47) and 2.99 (95% CI: 1.18-7.57), respectively (p<0.05). Our study is the first to reveal that an elevated PDW/P significantly reduces DFS in patients with breast carcinoma. Measuring the PDW/P is simple, relatively inexpensive, and almost universally available using routine blood counts; this makes it an attractive biomarker for improved risk assessment.
Project description:Inflammation and immunoreaction markers were correlated with the survival of patients in many tumors. However, there were no reports investigating the relationships between preoperative hematological markers and the prognosis of medulloblastoma (MB) patients based on the molecular subgroups (WNT, SHH, Group 3, and Group 4). A total 144 MB patients were enrolled in the study. The differences of preoperative hematological markers among molecular subgroups of MB were compared by One-way ANOVA method. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the curves of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The comparison of survival rates in different groups were conducted by the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate independent prognostic factors. Increased preoperative NLR (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, PFS, P = 0.004, OS, P < 0.001) and PLR (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, PFS, P = 0.028, OS, P = 0.003) predicted poor prognosis in patients with MB, while preoperative MLR (monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio), MPV (mean platelet volume), PDW (platelet distribution width), and AGR (albumin-to-globulin ratio) were revealed no predictive value on the prognosis of patients with MB. Furthermore, high preoperative NLR and PLR predicted unfavorable prognosis in childhood MB patients. However, preoperative NLR and PLR were not associated with the prognosis in adult MB patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated preoperative NLR (PFS, P = 0.029, OS, P = 0.005) and PLR (PFS, P = 0.023, OS, P = 0.005) were the independent prognostic factors in MB patients. Emphatically, the levels of preoperative NLR and PLR in Group 3 MB were significantly higher than those in WNT MB. High preoperative NLR was associated with unfavorable OS in Group 3 (P = 0.032) and Group 4 (P = 0.027) tumors. Similarly, increased preoperative PLR predicted poor PFS (P = 0.012) and OS (P = 0.009) in Group 4 tumors. Preoperative NLR and PLR were the potential prognostic markers for MB patients. Preoperative NLR and PLR were significantly associated with the survival of Group 3 and Group 4 tumors.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>To estimate the prognostic value of inflammatory markers in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC).<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 361 resected LSCC patients were included. The preoperative and postoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and l actate dehydrogenase (LDH) were assessed. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression analysis were conducted on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).<h4>Results</h4>Both Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate analysis demonstrated significant prognostic value of preoperative and postoperative NLR, PLR and MLR. However, only preoperative ALP was predictive of OS and PFS, and LDH failed to be predictor of OS and PFS. The multivariate analysis showed that preoperative NLR (OS: HR?=?1.64, 95%CI: 1.06-2.54, p?=?0.026; PFS: HR?=?1.52, 95%CI: 1.04-2.23, p?=?0.029) and postoperative MLR (OS: HR?=?2.02, 95%CI: 1.29-3.14, p?=?0.002; PFS: HR?=?1.57, 95%CI: 1.05-2.34, p?=?0.026) were independently related with survival.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The elevated preoperative NLR, PLR, MLR and ALP were significantly associated with worse survival and cancer progression. The preoperative NLR and postoperative MLR might be independent prognostic markers of OS and PFS in LSCC patients undergoing surgical resection.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Recent studies have demonstrated that the tumor microenvironment, known to be influenced by inflammatory cells, plays a crucial role in cancer progression and clinical outcome of patients. The objective of the present study was to investigate prognostic values of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of uterine sarcoma patients. METHODS:Ninety-nine patients with uterine sarcoma treated in eight multicenter institutions over the last 20 years were retrospectively analyzed. Curves of DFS and OS were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and univariate and multivariate analyses of various prognostic factors were performed using a Cox proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS:High NLR was significantly associated with worse DFS (p = 0.007) and OS (p = 0.039). Advanced stage (p = 0.017) and high mitotic index (p = 0.036) retained their prognostic significance for DFS. Other clinical variables, including PLR, CA125, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) failed to show significant impact. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings showed that an elevated preoperative NLR was associated with poor clinical outcome in uterine sarcoma patients. Our results suggest that high NLR in early-stage uterine sarcoma patients might indicate that such patients need more intensive treatments.
Project description:To discuss the prognostic correlation between hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV DNA) level and HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with microvascular invasion (MVI).Data from HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy with pathological evidence of MVI were retrospectively collected and 1:1 propensity scoring matching (PSM) analysis was performed. According to the HBV DNA levels before and after surgery, the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazards regression was used to analyze the risk factors associated with the postoperative prognosis. After 1:1 PSM, 139 pairs of patients were enrolled in the high preoperative HBV DNA level group (H group) and low preoperative HBV DNA level group (L group), and after operation, patients with high preoperative HBV DNA levels were divided into the persistently high HBV DNA level group (P group) and the decreased HBV DNA level group (D group).According to the multivariate analysis, the HBV DNA level of 2000 IU/ml or greater before operation was significantly associated with the DFS (hazard ratio, 1.322; 95%CI, 1.016-1.721) and OS (hazard ratio, 1.390; 95%CI, 1.023-1.888). A persistent HBV DNA level of 2,000 IU/ml or greater after operation was also the independent risk factor of DFS (hazard ratio, 1.421; 95%CI, 1.018-1.984) and OS (hazard ratio, 1.545; 95%CI, 1.076-2.219).For the HBV-related HCC patients with MVI, preoperative high HBV DNA copies are prognostication of poorer prognosis, and effective antivirus treatment would significantly improve the patients' prognosis.
Project description:Purpose:Although adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) used to be recommended as a standard of care for locally advanced gastric cancer, this suggestion has been strongly challenged recently. However, clear evidence regarding the optimization of radiotherapy is lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of preoperative CRT versus that of postoperative CRT for resectable or potentially resectable gastric cancer. Methods:From January 2005 to December 2017, patients with clinical stage III/IVa (i.e., T3-4aN+M0 or T4bNxM0) locally advanced gastric cancer were retrospectively identified. Survival after preoperative CRT and postoperative CRT was assessed by unadjusted, propensity score matching (PSM) and inverse probability of treatment weight (IPTW) analyses. Moreover, exploratory subgroup analyses were performed, and toxicity and patterns of failure were also investigated. Results:The median follow-up time was 32.5 months. A total of 82 and 463 patients were enrolled in the preoperative and postoperative CRT groups, respectively. After propensity score matching, preoperative CRT was associated with improved overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with postoperative CRT (3-year OS: 72.6 vs. 54.4%, log-rank p = 0.0021; 3-year DFS: 61.7 vs. 44.7%, log-rank p = 0.002). The unadjusted and IPTW analyses yielded consistent results. A complete pathologic response was achieved in 13.4% of the preoperative CRT group. Although the incidence of grade 3 or 4 adverse effects and surgical complications were similar between the two groups, significantly fewer patients experienced treatment interruptions or dose reductions due to toxic effects in the preoperative CRT setting than in the postoperative CRT setting (3.7 vs. 10.6%, p = 0.049). Conclusions:Compared with postoperative CRT, preoperative CRT was associated with improved OS and DFS, superior treatment compliance and comparable surgical complications for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Our findings provide important evidence for the optimal combination modalities of surgery and CRT in the absence of randomized clinical data.