Circular RNA ABCB10 promotes hepatocellular carcinoma progression by increasing HMG20A expression by sponging miR-670-3p.
ABSTRACT: Background/aims:The dysregulation of circABCB10 may play an critical role in tumor progression. However, its function in liver cancer (HCC) is still unclear. Therefore, this experimental design is based on circABCB10 to explore the pathogenesis of HCC. Methods:The expression of circABCB10 and miR-670-3p in HCC tissues was detected by RT-qPCR. CCK-8, Brdu incorporation, colony formation and transwell assays were used to determine the effect of circABCB10 on HCC cell proliferation and migration. Target gene prediction and screening, luciferase reporter assays were used to validate downstream target genes of circABCB10 and miR-670-3p. HMG20A expression was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The tumor changes in mice were detected by in nude mice. Results:CircABCB10 was significantly increased in HCC tissues and cell lines, and high CircABCB10 expression was directly associated with low survival in HCC patients. Silencing of circABCB10 inhibited proliferation and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition, circABCB10 acted as a sponge of miR-670-3p to upregulate HMG20A expression. In addition, overexpression of miR-670-3p or knockdown of HMG20A reversed the carcinogenic effects of circABCB10 in HCC. There was a negative correlation between the expression of circABCB10 and miR-670-3p, and a positive correlation between the expression of circABCB10 and HMG20A in HCC tissues. Conclusion:circABCB10 promoted HCC progression by modulating the miR-670-3p/HMG20A axis, and circABCB10 may be a potential therapeutic target for HCC.Trail registration JL1H384739, registered at Sep 09, 2014.
Project description:Aberrant epigenetic modification, including N6-methylation of adenosine (m6A), has been frequently reported in embryos derived from parthenogenetic activation (PA). However, the role of Igf2bp1 expression pattern in m6A modification and the mechanism through which Igf2bp1 function is regulated in PA embryos remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, using si-Igf2bp1 and betaine (N,N,N-trimethylglycine, a major methyl donor), we investigated the effect of Igf2bp1 expression in m6A modification on the development of PA embryos. The results indicated that the down-regulation of Igf2bp1 reduced the cleavage and blastula rates of PA embryos. Moreover, m6A expression level was markedly down-regulated following microinjection with si-Igf2bp1. However, the treatment with betaine could significantly restore the m6A level. Further bioinformatics analysis revealed Igf2bp1 as the putative target of microRNA 670 (miR-670). Thus, to confirm this finding, mimics and inhibitor of miR-670 were microinjected into PA embryos. The results demonstrated that miR-670 inhibitor augmented the expression of Igf2bp1 and rescued cleavage and blastula rates. In addition, the miR-670 inhibitor promoted the m6A expression level. TUNEL assay revealed a loss of expression of Igf2bp1 induced cell apoptosis in PA embryos. Taken together, these results demonstrated that miR-670-3p functions as the regulator of Igf2bp1 expression and plays a crucial role in PA development through m6A modification.
Project description:Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a prominent cancer type, with long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) being known to be relevant to its progression. We therefore investigated how a particular lncRNA known as the metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) was associated with HCC. Methods: Quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qPCR) was used to assess expression of MALAT1, Forkhead Box M1 (FOXM1) and miR-125a-3p in HCC tissue samples. How MALAT1 regulates HCC proliferation and metastasis was assessed through appropriate assays. FOXM1 was identified as a miR-125a-3p target using luciferase assays, and how MALAT1/miR-125a-3p alter FOXM1 expression was explored via qPCR and Western blotting. Results: HCC tissues exhibited MALAT1 upregulation. miR-125a-3p targeted FOXM1 and could be regulated by MALAT1. MALAT1 knockdown disrupted proliferation and invasion, whereas miR-125a-3p knockdown partially reversed this phenotype. Conclusions: These results indicate that MALAT1 modulates FOXM1 expression via being a miR-125a-3p sponge, thus promoting HCC progression.
Project description:Background: The micro-RNA miR-30b-3p has been reported to play a crucial role in several cancers. However, the biological function of miR-30b-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unknown. Methods: RT-qPCR was employed to determine the expression of miR-30b-3p in HCC tissues and cells. The MTT assay, colony formation assay, and cell migration and invasion assay were employed to evaluate the role of miR-30b-3p in HCC cells. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was employed to verify the target of miR-30b-3p. Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of key molecular signal transducers along TRIM27-PI3K/Akt axis. Results: Expression of miR-30b-3p was markedly decreased in HCC tissues and cells and positively correlated with higher overall survival. Moreover, miR-30b-3p overexpression significantly repressed cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion of HCC cells in vitro. Notably, we demonstrated that miR-30b-3p directly bound to the 3'-untranslated region of tripartite motif containing 27 (TRIM27) mRNA by downregulating the expression of TRIM27, which was demonstrated to be negatively correlated with miR-30b-3p expression. TRIM27 was demonstrated to have an oncogenic role in HCC cells by enhancing cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion. Finally, the miR-30-3p-TRIM27-PI3K/Akt axis was shown to play a crucial role in HCC cells in vitro. Conclusion: Our results indicated that miR-30-3p might act as a new biomarker for the future diagnosis and treatment HCC.
Project description:Introduction:In East Asia, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancer types. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) prostate androgen-regulated transcript 1 (PART1) was reported to play crucial roles in regulating cancer progression. However, roles and mechanisms of action of PART1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remain unknown. Methods:Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) method was used to detect the PART1 expression level in HCC cells. Cell proliferation, colony formation, and transwell invasion assays were performed to investigate the biological roles of PART1 on HCC cell behaviors. Bioinformatic analysis methods were performed to analyze connections of microRNA-590-3p (miR-590-3p) with PART1 or high mobility group box 2 (HMGB2) in HCC. Moreover, expression levels of PART1, miR-590-3p, and HMGB2 in HCC tissues and normal tissues were analyzed at ENCORI. Results:PART1 expression was found to be significantly upregulated in HCC tissues and cells. Functionally, silencing of PART1 significantly suppressed HCC cell proliferation, colony formation and invasion in vitro, while forcing PART1 exerts opposite biological effects. Mechanically, miR-590-3p/HMGB2 axis was downstream target of PART1, and silencing of miR-590-3p or forcing of HMGB2 could rescue the stimulation effects of PART1 overexpression on HCC cell behaviors. Discussion:Our results provided evidence that PART1 serves as oncogenic lncRNA through sponging miR-590-3p to upregulate HMGB2 expression in HCC.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs are involved in numerous physio-pathological conditions included cancer. To better understand the molecular mechanism of the oral antitumor multikinase inhibitor sorafenib, we profiled the expression of a panel of lncRNAs and miRNAs by qPCR array in a sorafenib-treated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line. Among the most affected ncRNAs, we found that sorafenib mediated the dysregulation of the lncRNAs GAS5, HOTTIP and HOXA-AS2 and the miR-126-3p, in a panel of human cancer cell lines (HCC, renal and breast carcinomas). By luciferase gene reporter assay, we discovered that GAS5 may act as a sponge for miR-126-3p in HCC cells. The expression level of GAS5 and miR-126-3p was verified in human liquid and/or solid biopsies from HCC patients. miR-126-3p expression in HCC tissues was decreased respect to their correspondent peritumoral tissues. The levels of plasmatic circulating miR-126-3p and GAS5 were significantly higher and lower in HCC patients compared to healthy subjects, respectively. This study highlighted the capability of sorafenib to modulate the expression of a wide range of ncRNAs and specifically, GAS5 and miR-126-3p were involved in the response to sorafenib of different cancer cell types.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently gained attention due to their important roles in human cancer types, such as breast and gastric cancer. The present study measured alterations in muskelin 1 antisense RNA (MKLN1-AS) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluated its clinical value in patients with HCC. Additionally, the current study investigated the effects of MKLN1-AS on the malignant features of HCC cells. The detailed molecular mechanisms underlying the cancer-promoting activities of MKLN1-AS in HCC cells were also elucidated. MKLN1-AS expression in HCC tissues and cell lines was detected using reverse-transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Cell Counting Kit-8 assays and flow cytometry were used to determine the roles of MKLN1-AS in HCC cell proliferation and apoptosis. Migration and invasion assays, as well as tumor xenograft experiments were conducted to analyze migration and invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, respectively. The interaction among microRNA-654-3p (miR-654-3p), MKLN1-AS and hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) in HCC was investigated using luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, RT-qPCR, western blotting and rescue experiments. MKLN1-AS was upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines, and a high MKLN1-AS expression was associated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival in patients with HCC. Functionally, the knockdown of MKLN1-AS impaired HCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as induced cell apoptosis in vitro. Knockdown of MKLN1-AS expression also inhibited cell proliferation in vivo. The results indicated that MKLN1-AS functioned as a competing endogenous RNA by sponging miR-654-3p in HCC cells. Additionally, miR-654-3p targeting of HDGF was positively modulated by MKLN1-AS, and miR-654-3p knockdown partially abrogated this effect. Rescue experiments demonstrated that knockdown of miR-654-3p and overexpression of HDGF both abolished MKLN1-AS knockdown-induced cellular processes in HCC. In summary, MKLN1-AS induced pro-oncogenic effects during HCC progression by serving as a molecular sponge for miR-654-3p to increase HDGF expression. Therefore, the MKLN1-AS/miR-654-3p/HDGF axis may offer a novel target for the diagnosis, prognosis, prevention and treatment of HCC.
Project description:miRNAs play an indispensable role in human carcinogenesis. Dysregulated miR-1180-3p has been observed in several types of cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study intends to correlate the expression level of miR-1180-3p with clinical features and overall survival in HCC patients. The expression and clinical significance of miR-1180-3p, selected from GEO and TCGA databases, were verified using an RT-qPCR method. The target genes of miR-1180-3p were obtained using 3 miRNA target gene prediction databases, and their functions were analyzed using the online tool WebGestalt. miR-1180-3p expression was significantly upregulated in 88 HCC tissues compared with non-tumor liver tissues (0.004?±?0.009 vs. 0.002?±?0.002, t?=?-?2.099, P?=?0.038). Additionally, we found that the expression levels of miR-1180-3p were significantly correlated with tumor number (?2?=?9.157, P?=?0.006) and MVI (?2?=?11.354, P?=?0.003). Based on Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with high miR-1180 expression had a shorter overall survival than those with low miR-1180-3p expression (P?=?0.002). Furthermore, multivariate Cox analyses indicated that miR-1180-3p expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (HR?=?13.36, 95% CI 1.16, 153.69, P?=?0.038). In addition, a total of 733 target genes of miR-1180-3p were found from three prediction databases. The GO analyses demonstrated that the target genes were closely related to the proliferation and malignancy of tumors. The KEGG analysis showed that target genes were enriched in several key cancer-related signaling pathways, including the Pathways in cancer, the Ras signaling pathway, and the MAPK signaling pathway. In conclusion, we demonstrate that miR-1180-3p is upregulated in HCC and is associated with a poor prognosis. Thus, miR-1180-3p might be useful as a prognostic marker for HCC.
Project description:Transcription factor ERG (erythroblast transformation-specific (ETS)-related gene) is essential in endothelial differentiation and angiogenesis, in which microRNA (miR)-200b-3p targeting site is expected by miRNA target prediction database. miR-200b is known decreased in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, the functional relation between ERG and miR-200b-3p, originating from pre-miR-200b, in HCC angiogenesis remains unclear. We investigated whether hepatocyte-derived miR-200b-3p governs angiogenesis in HCC by targeting endothelial ERG. Levels of miR-200b-3p in HCC tissues were significantly lower than those in adjacent non-HCC tissues. Poorly differentiated HCC cell line expressed lower level of miR-200b-3p compared to well-differentiated HCC cell lines. The numbers of ERG-positive endothelial cells were higher in HCC tissues than in adjacent non-HCC tissues. There was a negative correlation between the number of ERG-positive cells and miR-200b-3p expression in HCC tissues. Culture supernatants of HCC cell lines with miR-200b-3p-overexpression reduced cell migration, proliferation and tube forming capacity in endothelial cells relative to the control, while those with miR-200b-3p-inhibition augmented the responses. Exosomes isolated from HCC culture supernatants with miR-200b-3p overexpression suppressed endothelial ERG expression. These results suggest that exosomal miR-200b-3p from hepatocytes suppresses endothelial ERG expression, and decreased miR-200b-3p in cancer cells promotes angiogenesis in HCC tissues by enhancing endothelial ERG expression.
Project description:BACKGROUND miR-490-3p could play vital roles in multiple cancers. However, the role of miR-490-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains uncertain. In this study, we sought to explore the underlying role of miR-490-3p in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we explored the clinical role of miR-490-3p in HCC via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Then, a meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the expression trend and diagnostic value of miR-490-3p in HCC. Furthermore, 12 miRNA prediction algorithms were applied to predict the potential target genes of miR-490-3p. The differentially expressed genes in HCC in the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database were also selected. Additionally, bioinformatics analyses were utilized to investigate the possible functions and pathways of the target genes. RESULTS miR-490-3p was clearly down-regulated in HCC based on RT-qPCR (P=0.002). Consistent with the results of RT-qPCR, miR-490 was more highly expressed in normal liver tissue than in HCC (P<0.001). Additionally, the meta-analysis confirmed the results from RT-qPCR and TCGA. Furthermore, based on the prediction algorithms and GEPIA, a total of 113 genes were selected. According to the bioinformatics analyses, we found that the most remarkably enriched functional terms included protein transport, poly(A) RNA binding, and intracellular organelle part. Additionally, the miR-490-3p target genes were significantly related to the pathways in cancer. CONCLUSIONS We found that miR-490-3p is down-regulated in HCC and is related to genes that have potential tumoral functions. However, the exact mechanism should be confirmed by functional experiments.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressively malignant type of cancer with a complex pathogenesis. Multiple studies have identified that lncRNA HOXA11?AS is involved in the development of HCC. Nevertheless, the pathological mechanisms of HOXA11?AS in the development of HCC require further investigation. In the present study, the role and underlying mechanisms of HOXA11?AS in HCC were examined. RT?qPCR revealed that HOXA11?AS expression was increased, while that of miR?506?3p was decreased in HCC tissues and cells compared with that in adjacent non?tumor tissues and normal hepatic cells. Dual?luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull?down assay indicated that HOXA11?AS directly interacted with miR?506?3p. miR?506?3p downregulation reversed the inhibitory effects of HOXA11?AS deletion on cell proliferation, invasion and epithelial?mesenchymal transition (EMT), as shown by CCK?8 and Transwell assays, as well as western blot analysis. Bioinformatics analysis and dual?luciferase reporter assay indicated that Slug was a target gene of miR?506?3p. The overexpression of Slug reversed the effects of HOXA11?AS deletion on the viability, invasion and the EMT of HCC cells. Taken together, the present study demonstrates that HOXA11?AS functions as an oncogene to promote the progression of HCC via the miR?506?3p/Slug axis, providing a therapeutic target for patients with HCC.