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Lot-to-Lot Variation in Adeno-Associated Virus Serotype 9 (AAV9) Preparations.


ABSTRACT: Viral vectors are complex drugs that pose a particular challenge for manufacturing. Previous studies have shown that, unlike small-molecule drugs, vector preparations do not yield a collection of identical particles. Instead, a mixture of particles that vary in capsid stoichiometry and impurities is created, which may differ from lot to lot. The consequences of this are unclear, but conflicting reports regarding the biological properties of vectors, including transduction patterns, suggest that this variability may have an effect. However, other variables, including differences in animal strains and techniques, make it difficult to identify a cause. Here, we report lot-to-lot variation in spinal cord gray matter transduction following intrathecal delivery of self-complementary adeno-associated virus serotype 9 vectors. Eleven lots of vector were evaluated from six vector cores, including one preclinical/Good Laboratory Practice lot. Eight of the lots, including the preclinical lot, failed to transduce the gray matter, whereas the other three provided robust transduction. The cause for this variation is unknown, but it did not correlate with vector titer, buffer, or purification method. These results highlight the need to identify the cause of this variation and to develop improved production and quality control methods to ensure lot-to-lot consistency of vector potency.

SUBMITTER: O'Connor DM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6919242 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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