Dataset Information


Changing perioperative prophylaxis during antibiotic therapy and iterative debridement for orthopedic infections?

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in non-infected orthopedic surgery is evident, in contrast to prophylaxis during surgery for infection. Epidemiological data are lacking for this particular situation. METHODS AND FINDINGS:It is a single-center cohort on iterative surgical site infections (SSIs) in infected orthopedic patients. We included 2480 first episodes of orthopedic infections (median age 56 years and 833 immune-suppressed): implant-related infections (n = 648), osteoarticular infections (1153), and 1327 soft tissue infections. The median number of debridement was 1 (range, 1-15 interventions). Overall, 1617 infections (65%) were debrided once compared to 862 cases that were operated multiple times (35%). Upon iterative intraoperative tissue sampling, we detected pathogens in 507 cases (507/862; 59%), of which 241 (242/507; 48%) corresponded to the initial species at the first debridement. We witnessed 265 new SSIs (11% of the cohort) that were resistant to current antibiotic therapy in 174 cases (7% of the cohort). In multivariate analysis, iterative surgical debridements that were performed under current antibiotic administration were associated with new SSIs (odds ratio 1.6, 95%CI 1.2-2.2); mostly occurring after the 2nd debridement. However, we failed to define an ideal hypothetic prophylaxis during antibiotic therapy to prevent further SSIs. CONCLUSIONS:Selection of new pathogens resistant to ongoing antibiotic therapy occurs frequently during iterative debridement in orthopedic infections, especially after the 2nd debridement. The new pathogens are however unpredictable. The prevention, if feasible, probably relies on surgical performance and wise indications for re-debridement instead of new maximal prophylactic antibiotic coverage in addition to current therapeutic regimens.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6919616 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6461090 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC6069967 | BioStudies
2021-01-01 | S-EPMC7849087 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3186972 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5775605 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6514115 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3948634 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6202972 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7235845 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5984524 | BioStudies