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Site-Selective Alkoxylation of Benzylic C-H Bonds by Photoredox Catalysis.


ABSTRACT: Methods that enable the direct C-H alkoxylation of complex organic molecules are significantly underdeveloped, particularly in comparison to analogous strategies for C-N and C-C bond formation. In particular, almost all methods for the incorporation of alcohols by C-H oxidation require the use of the alcohol component as a solvent or co-solvent. This condition limits the practical scope of these reactions to simple, inexpensive alcohols. Reported here is a photocatalytic protocol for the functionalization of benzylic C-H bonds with a wide range of oxygen nucleophiles. This strategy merges the photoredox activation of arenes with copper(II)-mediated oxidation of the resulting benzylic radicals, which enables the introduction of benzylic C-O bonds with high site selectivity, chemoselectivity, and functional-group tolerance using only two equivalents of the alcohol coupling partner. This method enables the late-stage introduction of complex alkoxy groups into bioactive molecules, providing a practical new tool with potential applications in synthesis and medicinal chemistry.

SUBMITTER: Lee BJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6923605 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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