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Differential alternative splicing regulation among hepatocellular carcinoma with different risk factors.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and alcohol consumption are predominant causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying how differently these causes are implicated in HCC development are not fully understood. Therefore, we investigated differential alternative splicing (AS) regulation among HCC patients with these risk factors. METHODS:We conducted a genome-wide survey of AS events associated with HCCs among HBV (n?=?95), HCV (n?=?47), or alcohol (n?=?76) using RNA-sequencing data obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. RESULTS:In three group comparisons of HBV vs. HCV, HBV vs. alcohol, and HCV vs. alcohol for RNA seq (?PSI>?0.05, FDR??0.1). Intron retention of HLA-A was observed more frequently in HBV-associated HCC than HCV- or alcohol-associated HCC, and intron retention of HLA-C showed vice versa. Exon 3 (based on ENST00000432678) of IP6K2 was less skipped in HBV-associated in HCC compared to HCV- or alcohol-associated HCC. CONCLUSION:AS may play an important role in regulating transcription differences implicated in HBV-, HCV-, and alcohol-related HCC development.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6923823 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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