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Monitoring methylation-driven genes as prognostic biomarkers in patients with lung squamous cell cancer.


ABSTRACT: Aberrant DNA methylations have been reported to be significantly associated with lung squamous cell cancer (LUSC). The aim of this study was to investigate the DNA methylation-driven genes in LUSC by integrative bioinformatics analysis. In the present study, methylation-driven genes in LUSC were screened out, and survival analysis related to these genes was performed to confirm their value in prognostic assessment. Gene expression and methylation data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the MethylMix algorithm was used to identify methylation-driven genes. ConsensusPathDB was used to perform Gene Ontology and pathway enrichment analysis of methylation-driven genes. Survival analysis was performed to investigate the correlation with prognosis. In total, 52 differentially expressed methylation-driven genes were identified in LUSC and adjacent tissues. Survival analysis showed that DQX1, GPR75, STX12, and TRIM61 could serve as independent prognostic biomarkers. In addition, the combined methylation and gene expression survival analysis revealed that the combined expression level of the genes ALG1L, DQX1, and ZNF418 alone can be used as a prognostic marker or drug target. Methylation of four sites of gene ZNF418, four sites of ZNF701, two sites of DQX1, and four sites of DCAF4L2 was significantly associated with survival. The present study provides an important bioinformatic and relevant theoretical basis for subsequent early diagnosis and prognostic assessment of LUSC.

SUBMITTER: Han P 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6924172 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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