Surgical Treatment of Gluteus Medius Tears Augmented With Allograft Human Dermis.
ABSTRACT: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome can be caused by gluteus medius and minimus tendinopathy/tears and chronic trochanteric bursitis. Specifically, moderate-to-severe abductor tendon tears can cause severe lateral hip pain, limp, and abnormal gait. A variety of open and endoscopic techniques to treat glut abductors hip tears have been described. The use of scaffolds, such as acellular human dermal allograft, to augment tendon repair, already has been successfully reported in rotator cuff repairs of the shoulder. Still, the use of acellular human dermal allograft in the hip has been limited. However, there are some clinical scenarios in which augmentation of abductors hip tendon repair with scaffold is indicated. Chronic or massive gluteus tears or revision cases may benefit from augmentation with a scaffold. The purpose of this technical note and accompanying video is to describe our indications, pearls, and pitfalls of repair of moderate to severe gluteus tears via a minimally invasive technique augmented with acellular human dermal allograft.
Project description:Recently, attention has been given to recalcitrant lateral hip pain, also known as greater trochanteric pain syndrome. Although, historically, this has been attributed to greater trochanteric bursitis, the literature has shown that many patients will have a lesion of the gluteus medius and minimus tendons. Endoscopic hip abductor tendon repair has been shown to provide good outcomes with decreasing overall morbidity and is becoming more popular. However, failure rates have been reported to be as high as 35%, likely due to the poor tissue quality in this older population. Acellular human dermal allograft has been used to augment rotator cuff repairs in an attempt to improve tendon healing. The technique described in this Technical Note shows endoscopic gluteus medius and minimus repair with acellular human dermal allograft augmentation focusing on graft preparation, implantation, and fixation in a safe and reproducible manner.
Project description:Abductor tendon tears are one of the common causes of recalcitrant laterally based hip pain and dysfunction. In most cases, abductor tendon tears are associated with chronic nontraumatic tearing of the gluteus medius tendon. Restoring abductor function of the hip by primary repair of the gluteus medius tendon has been reported to have good and excellent outcomes. However, primary repair might not be as effective for chronic detachment of the gluteus medius tendon with a wide separation from the femoral footprint or severe tendon loss. The lack of tendinous foot for repair and the intrinsically degenerative condition of the tendon may create high tension at the repair site thereby predisposing to surgical failure. We believe that the use of soft-tissue allograft from the Achilles tendon or human dermal allograft may help strengthen the surgical site. We describe a superior gluteal reconstruction technique that is suitable for cases with abductor tendon tear with severe tendon loss.
Project description:In addition to trochanteric bursitis, gluteus medius and minimus tears (GMMTs) can be a common source of insidious lateral hip pain and dysfunction. Partial-thickness GMMTs are much more common than full-thickness GMMTs but are frequently overlooked by both radiologists and orthopaedic surgeons. GMMTs are commonly identified on magnetic resonance imaging ordered for lateral hip pain unresponsive to conservative management. Imaging can show that high-grade partial articular gluteus tendon avulsion (PAGTA) can occur as either an isolated gluteus medius tear, an isolated gluteus minimus tear, or a combined GMMT. We describe how to identify PAGTA injuries with intraoperative assessment and identification of the interval between the gluteus medius and minimus tendons to allow access to the PAGTA without violating the bursal side of the tendon. PAGTAs can be repaired arthroscopically by single- or double-row suture anchor fixation depending on the size of the tear. The purpose of this article is to guide orthopaedic surgeons in the recognition of PAGTA with magnetic resonance imaging and dynamic examination to allow for accurate repair of GMMTs.
Project description:Rotator cuff tears are increasing in frequency in the aging population and are a common issue seen by orthopaedic surgeons. In patients with large, multi-tendon rotator cuff tears or retears, treatment can be challenging. Failure rates of up to 90% have been reported for rotator cuff repair (RCR) of large, multi-tendon tears. Biological augmentation has been an area of interest because of the distinctly different biology of the repaired tendon compared with the native tendon. These biological differences affect the ultimate tensile properties of the repair and may contribute to gap formation and the high failure rate of repairs. RCR with allograft augmentation is a technique that shows potential benefit to healing and preventing retears. Arthroscopic augmentation of RCRs can be challenging. The technique described in this Technical Note illustrates a simple and easily reproducible method for augmenting RCRs with human acellular dermal allograft.
Project description:Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) has received increasing attention in recent years. Most patients with GTPS present with trochanteric bursitis and respond to nonoperative treatment. However, a subset of patients may have persistent lateral hip pain or recalcitrant GTPS resulting from an undiagnosed gluteal tendon tear. Recalcitrant GTPS may be a debilitating condition in this patient subset. There is a need for an accurate and evidence-based physical examination maneuver to aid in earlier diagnosis of gluteal tendon tears and timely intervention in these patients. Most studies evaluating gluteal tendinopathy fail to assess surgical indications and instead focus on identifying trochanteric bursitis, which may or may not require surgical treatment. The modified resisted internal rotation test has been used in our practice to detect gluteus medius tendon tears in the recalcitrant GTPS patient population. Fundamental anatomic, biomechanical, electromyographic, and clinical data have been reviewed to make this an evidence-based clinical test for early detection of this pathology.
Project description:Tears in the gluteus medius and minimus tendons recently have emerged as an important cause of chronic greater trochanteric pain syndrome. Increasing recognition of the gluteal insertion as a cause of chronic pain and weakness, as well as technologic advances in endoscopic hip surgery, has made gluteal insertional repair a rapidly emerging technique in minimally invasive surgery of the hip. We present an endoscopic double-row technique for gluteal insertional repair that allows for visualization, debridement, and repair, re-creating the normal footprint.
Project description:Abductor tendon tears typically develop insidiously in middle-aged women and can lead to debilitating lateral hip pain and a Trendelenburg limp. The gluteus medius tendon is most commonly torn and may show fatty degeneration over time, similar to the rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder. Endoscopic repair offers a therapeutic alternative to traditional open techniques. This article describes the workup, examination, and endoscopic repair of a full-thickness gluteus medius tear presenting as lateral hip pain and weakness. The surgical repair for this case used a single-row suture anchor technique. In addition, the indications and technique for a double-row repair will be discussed.
Project description:Abductor tendon tears are an increasingly recognized clinical entity in patients with lateral thigh pain and weakness. These "rotator cuff tears of the hip" typically result from chronic, nontraumatic rupture of the anterior fibers of the gluteus medius. Although the abductor tendon typically tears from the osseous insertion, the case discussed here ruptured at the musculotendinous junction. This is the first report of this abductor tear subtype and its endoscopic repair.
Project description:Latissimus dorsi tendon transfer is a nonanatomic tendon transfer that is often considered a salvage procedure for failed repairs of massive rotator cuff tears. A rupture of the transferred latissimus tendon is an uncommon complication and there is limited literature on its management, especially in the young, active population without cuff arthropathy. In this article, we present a technique of managing a failed latissimus dorsi tendon transfer for a massive rotator cuff tear with an arthroscopic, anatomic bridging reconstruction using an acellular human dermal matrix allograft.
Project description:Lateral hip pain along with tenderness of the greater trochanter has been associated with greater trochanteric pain syndrome. Radiographically, this has been associated with gluteus medius pathology on magnetic resonance imaging. This has led some surgeons to conclude that abductor pathology is a primary cause of lateral hip pain. Failure of conservative treatment in the setting of gluteus medius pathology may lead to surgical intervention. In some patients a focal tear of the gluteus medius cannot be visualized and likely represents more diffuse tendinopathy. In these patients we propose micropuncture of the greater trochanter. Similar procedures have shown effectiveness in the elbow and shoulder by eliciting a healing response. Our experience suggests that trochanteric micropuncture at the insertion of the gluteus medius tendon can be effectively performed endoscopically for gluteus medius tendinopathy.