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Association of GCKR Gene Polymorphisms with the Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Coronary Artery Disease in a Chinese Northern Han Population.


ABSTRACT: Background and Aims: Accumulated studies have evaluated the effects of glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene polymorphisms on the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and coronary artery disease (CAD), but the association of GCKR polymorphisms with the risk of NAFLD and CAD in the Chinese Han population have remained unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between GCKR gene polymorphisms (rs780094 and rs1260326) and the risk of NAFLD and CAD in NAFLD patients in a Chinese Northern Han population. Methods: GCKR rs780094 and rs1260326 gene polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction sequencing for B-type ultrasonography-proven NAFLD patients with (n = 82) or without (n = 142) CAD, and in healthy controls (n = 152). Serum lipid profiles' levels were determined using biochemical methods. Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 22.0 statistical software. Results: As the results showed, significant differences in the serum lipid profiles existed between each group. No significant differences were observed in the distributions of genotypes and alleles of GCKR rs780094 and rs1260326 in each group. The GCKR rs780094 T and rs1260326 T allele carriers possessed decreased body mass index value, and serum fasting plasma glucose and TG levels in the overall subjects, respectively. In addition, the GCKR rs780094 T allele carriers possessed decreased serum fasting plasma glucose level in the controls and NAFLD + CAD patients. Conclusions: GCKR rs780094 and rs1260326 polymorphisms were found to be not associated with the risk of NAFLD nor of CAD in NAFLD patients in this Chinese Northern Han population. GCKR rs780094 T and rs1260326 T alleles could affect the body mass index value and serum fasting plasma glucose and triglyceride levels.

SUBMITTER: Gao H 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6943214 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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