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SPOP targets oncogenic protein ZBTB3 for destruction to suppress endometrial cancer.


ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is closely associated with cancer initiation and progression. SPOP is an adapter protein of the CUL3-based E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes. Several whole genome/exome sequencing studies on endometrial cancers (ECs) revealed that the SPOP gene is frequently mutated. However, how SPOP mutations contribute to EC remains poorly understood. In this study, transcription factor ZBTB3 was identified as a proteolytic substrate for the SPOP-CUL3-RBX1 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. SPOP specifically recognizes two Ser/Thr (S/T)-rich degrons located in ZBTB3 and triggers the degradation of ZBTB3 via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. By contrast, EC-associated SPOP mutants are defective in regulating ZBTB3 stability. SPOP inactivation promotes endometrial cell proliferation, migration, and invasion partly through ZBTB3 accumulation. Sonic hedgehog (SHH) was found to be a transcriptional target of ZBTB3. SPOP inactivation leads to ZBTB3-dependent SHH upregulation in EC cells. RUSKI-43, a small molecule inhibitor of SHH, suppresses cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in SPOP-depleted or EC-associated SPOP mutant-overexpressed EC cells. Our data indicate that pharmacological inhibition of SHH represents a possible treatment strategy for SPOP-mutated ECs.

SUBMITTER: Jin X 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6943363 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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