BackgroundWeekend surgical admissions to the hospital are associated with worse clinical outcomes when compared with weekday admissions. We aimed to evaluate the association of weekend admission and in-hospital complications for pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) hospitalizations requiring urgent abdominal surgery.
MethodsWe performed a cross-sectional analysis of pediatric (18 years old and younger) IBD hospitalizations between 1997 and 2016 using the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), a nationally representative database of pediatric hospitalizations. We included discharges with a diagnosis code for Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) undergoing a surgical procedure within 48 hours of admission. We used logistic regression to evaluate the association of weekend admission and complications, controlling for confounding factors.
ResultsOur study included a total of 3255 urgent surgical hospitalizations, representing 4950 hospitalizations nationwide. The risk difference for weekend CD surgical hospitalizations involving a complication vs weekday hospitalizations was 4%. Adjusted analysis demonstrated a 30% increased risk for complications associated with weekend CD hospitalizations compared with weekday hospitalizations (OR 1.3, 95% CI, 1.0-1.7). The risk difference for weekend UC hospitalizations involving a complication compared with the weekday hospitalizations was 7%. Adjusted analysis demonstrated a 70% increased risk of complication for UC weekend surgical hospitalizations compared with weekday hospitalizations (OR 1.7, 95% CI, 1.2-2.3).
ConclusionPediatric IBD hospitalizations involving urgent surgical procedures have higher rates of complications when admitted on the weekend vs the weekday. The outcome disparity requires further health services research and quality improvement initiatives to identify contributing factors and improve surgical outcomes.