AimCirculating microRNA expression has become a biomarker of cardiovascular disease; however, the association of microRNA expression between circulation and myocardium in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy remains unclear. The present study aimed to find a circulating biomarker correlated not only to myocardial expression, but also to cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis.
MethodForty-two cases of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) diagnosed by echocardiography and magnetic resonance were analysed for microRNA expression in plasma and myocardial tissue.
ResultsThe results showed that myocardial miR-221 was significantly increased (z = -2.249, P = 0.024) and significantly correlated with collagen volume fraction (CVF) (r = 0.516, P < 0.001), late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) (r = 0.307, P = 0.048), and peripheral circulation (r = 0.434, P = 0.004). Moreover, circulating miR-221 expression was significantly correlated with CVF (r = 0.454, P = 0.002), LGE (r = 0.630, P = 0.004), maximum interventricular septal thickness (MIVST) of echocardiography (r = 0.318, P = 0.042), and MIVST of magnetic resonance (r = 0.342, P = 0.027). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of miR-221 was 0.764.
ConclusionsCirculating miR-221 is consistent with that in myocardial tissue, and correlated with myocardial fibrosis and hypertrophy. It can be used as a biomarker for evaluating myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis in HOCM.