Alterations in glucose metabolism in Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 El Tor biotype strains.
ABSTRACT: The 2 biotypes of Vibrio cholerae O1 serogroup strains-classical and El Tor-use glucose in distinct ways. Classical biotype strains perform organic acid-producing fermentation and eventually lose viability due to the self-induced creation of an acidic environment, whereas El Tor biotype strains use an alternative neutral fermentation pathway, which confers them with survival advantages. However, we report that the neutral fermentation pathway has only been recruited in prototype Wave 1 El Tor biotype strains, which have not been isolated since the mid-1990s. Current Wave 2 and Wave 3 atypical El Tor strains contain a single-base deletion in a gene that directs bacteria toward neutral fermentation, resulting in the loss of neutral fermentation and an appearance that is similar to classical biotype strains. Moreover, when sufficient glucose was supplied, Wave 1 El Tor strains maintained their use of acid-producing fermentation, in parallel with neutral fermentation, and thus lost viability in the late stationary phase. The global replacement of Wave 1 El Tor strains by Wave 2 and 3 atypical El Tor strains implies that the acidic fermentation pathway may not be disadvantageous to V. cholerae. The characteristics that we have reported might improve oral rehydration in the treatment of cholera.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC6962216 | BioStudies |