Assessment of the heavy metal bioremediation efficiency of the novel marine lactic acid bacterium, Lactobacillus plantarum MF042018.
ABSTRACT: Heavy metal pollution is one of the most serious environmental and human health risk problem associated with industrial progress. The present study was conducted with the goal of isolation and characterization of metal-resistant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from the Alexandrian Mediterranean Seacoast, Egypt, with their possible exploitation in metal remediation. Lactobacillus plantarum MF042018 exhibited high degree of resistance, up to 500 and 100 ppm, to both nickel and chromium, respectively, with multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) index above 0.5. In an attempt to improve chromium removal by L. plantarum MF042018, Plackett-Burman followed by Box-Behnken statistical designs were applied. An initial Cr2+ concentration of 100 ppm and inoculum size of 3% presented the best conditions for the accumulation of chromium by L. plantarum MF042018. The study was also navigated to assess the biosorption capacity of L. plantarum MF042018, the maximum uptake capacity (q) of both Cd2+ and Pb2+ was recorded at pH 2.0 and a temperature of 22?°C after 1?hr. The biosorption process of Cd2+ and Pb2+ was well explained by the Langmuir isotherm model better than the Freundlich isotherm. Furthermore, the results revealed that the use of L. plantarum MF042018 is an effective tool for the treatment of hazardous metal-polluted battery-manufacturing effluent. Therefore, the present study implies that L. plantarum MF042018 can be applied as a promising biosorbent for the removal of heavy metals from industrial wasterwaters.
Project description:The ability of dead cells of endophytic Drechslera hawaiiensis of Morus alba L. grown in heavy metals habitats for bioremoval of cadmium (Cd2+), copper (Cu2+), and lead (Pb2+) in aqueous solution was evaluated under different conditions. Whereas the highest extent of Cd2+ and Cu2+ removal and uptake occurred at pH 8 as well as Pb2+ occurred at neutral pH (6-7) after equilibrium time 10 min. Initial concentration 30 mg/L of Cd2+ for 10 min contact time and 50 to 90 mg/L of Pb2+ and Cu2+ supported the highest biosorption after optimal contact time of 30 min achieved with biomass dose equal to 5 mg of dried died biomass of D. hawaiiensis. The maximum removal of Cd2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+ equal to 100%, 100%, and 99.6% with uptake capacity estimated to be 0.28, 2.33, and 9.63 mg/g from real industrial wastewater, respectively were achieved within 3 hr contact time at pH 7.0, 7.0, and 6.0, respectively by using the dead biomass of D. hawaiiensis compared to 94.7%, 98%, and 99.26% removal with uptake equal to 0.264, 2.3, and 9.58 mg/g of Cd2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+, respectively with the living cells of the strain under the same conditions. The biosorbent was analyzed by Fourier Transformer Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis to identify the various functional groups contributing in the sorption process. From FT-IR spectra analysis, hydroxyl and amides were the major functional groups contributed in biosorption process. It was concluded that endophytic D. hawaiiensis biomass can be used potentially as biosorbent for removing Cd2+, Cu2+, and Pb2+ in aqueous solutions.
Project description:In this study, the Pb2+ biosorption potential of live and dead biosorbents of the hydrocarbon-degrading strain Rhodococcus sp. HX-2 was analyzed. Optimal biosorption conditions were determined via single factor optimization, which were as follows: temperature, 25°C; pH, 5.0, and biosorbent dose, 0.75 g L-1. A response surface software (Design Expert 10.0) was used to analyze optimal biosorption conditions. The biosorption data for live and dead biosorbents were suitable for the Freundlich model at a Pb2+ concentration of 200 mg L-1. At this same concentration, the maximum biosorption capacity was 88.74 mg g-1 (0.428 mmol g-1) for live biosorbents and 125.5 mg g-1 (0.606 mmol g-1) for dead biosorbents. Moreover, in comparison with the pseudo-first-order model, the pseudo-second-order model seemed better to depict the biosorption process. Dead biosorbents seemed to have lower binding strength than live biosorbents, showing a higher desorption capacity at pH 1.0. The order of influence of competitive metal ions on Pb2+ adsorption was Cu2+ > Cd2+ > Ni+. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy analyses revealed that several functional groups were involved in the biosorption process of dead biosorbents. Scanning electron microscopy showed that Pb2+ attached to the surface of dead biosorbents more readily than on the surface of live biosorbents, whereas transmission electron microscopy confirmed the transfer of biosorbed Pb2+ into the cells in the case of both live and dead biosorbents. It can thus be concluded that dead biosorbents are better than live biosorbents for Pb2+ biosorption, and they can accordingly be used for wastewater treatment.
Project description:Mesoporous layered magnetic hybrid GFP2 composed of C3N3S3 polymers, Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs), and graphene oxide with a mesoporous layered "sandwich"-like structure was successfully explored by in situ simple polymerization tactic for rapid removal of Pb2+ and Cd2+ from water. It shows good selectivity and high adsorption capacity (277.78 and 49.75 mg/g) for Pb2+ and Cd2+, respectively. It exhibits the fast adsorption kinetics (>80% elimination efficiency in less than 30 min). The Langmuir isotherm model based on typical monomolecular layer adsorption fits better with the data of adsorption than the Freundlich isotherm model. The adsorption process of GFP2 for Pb2+ and Cd2+ can be explained well with the pseudo-second-order kinetics model. GFP2 is a kind of recyclable solid absorbent, which is an excellent candidate in the heavy metal wastewater treatment. More importantly, GFP2 was set with Fe3O4 NPs which makes it easily separable from wastewater with an extra magnet.
Project description:Since large amounts of pineapple leaves are abandoned after harvest in agricultural areas, the possibility of developing value-added products from them is of interest. In this work, cellulose fiber was extracted from pineapple leaves and modified with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and carboxymethyl (CM) groups to produce Cell-EDTA and Cell-CM, respectively, which were then used as heavy metal ion adsorbents. A solution of either lead ion (Pb2+) or cadmium ion (Cd2+) was used as wastewater for the purpose of studying adsorption efficiencies. The adsorption efficiencies of Cell-EDTA and Cell-CM were significantly higher than those of the unmodified cellulose in the pH range 1-7. Maximum adsorptions toward Pb2+ and Cd2+ were, for Cell-EDTA, 41.2 and 33.2 mg g-1, respectively, and, for Cell-CM, 63.4 and 23.0 mg g-1, respectively. The adsorption behaviors of Cell-CM for Pb2+ and Cd2+ fitted well with a pseudo-first-order model, but those of Cell-EDTA for Pb2+ and Cd2+ fitted well with a pseudo-second-order model. All of the adsorption behaviors could be described using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Desorption studies of Pb2+ and Cd2+ on both adsorbents using 1 M HCl suggested that regenerability of Cell-EDTA was, for both adsorbates, better than that of Cell-CM. Moreover, adsorption measurements in a mixture of Pb2+ and Cd2+ at various ratios showed that for both adsorbents the adsorption of Pb2+ was higher than that of Cd2+, while the adsorption selectivity for Pb2+ of Cell-CM was greater than that of Cell-EDTA. This study showed that the modified cellulosic adsorbents made from pineapple leaves were able to efficiently adsorb metal ions.
Project description:Cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr) and lead (Pb) are heavy metals that have been classified as priority pollutants in aqueous environment while methane-oxidizing bacteria as a biofilter arguably consume up to 90% of the produced methane in the same aqueous environment before it escapes into the atmosphere. However, the underlying kinetics and active methane oxidizers are poorly understood for the hotspot of epipelon that provides a unique micro-ecosystem containing diversified guild of microorganisms including methane oxidizers for potential bioremediation of heavy metals. In the present study, the Pb2+, Cd2+and Cr6+ bioremediation potential of epipelon biofilm was assessed under both high (120,000 ppm) and near-atmospheric (6 ppm) methane concentrations. Epipelon biofilm demonstrated a high methane oxidation activity following microcosm incubation amended with a high concentration of methane, accompanied by the complete removal of 50 mg L-1 Pb2+ and 50 mg L-1 Cd2+ (14 days) and partial (20%) removal of 50 mg L-1 Cr6+ after 20 days. High methane dose stimulated a faster (144 h earlier) heavy metal removal rate compared to near-atmospheric methane concentrations. DNA-based stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP) following 13CH4 microcosm incubation revealed the growth and activity of different phylotypes of methanotrophs during the methane oxidation and heavy metal removal process. High throughput sequencing of 13C-labelled particulate methane monooxygenase gene pmoA and 16S rRNA genes revealed that the prevalent active methane oxidizers were type I affiliated methanotrophs, i.e., Methylobacter. Type II methanotrophs including Methylosinus and Methylocystis were also labeled only under high methane concentrations. These results suggest that epipelon biofilm can serve as an important micro-environment to alleviate both methane emission and the heavy metal contamination in aqueous ecosystems with constant high methane fluxes.
Project description:The biosorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions by Opuntia cladodes and ectodermis from cactus fruits was investigated. Both types of biomass are considered low-cost, natural, and ecofriendly biosorbents. Batch experiments were carried out to determine Cr(VI) biosorption capacity and the efficiency of the biosorption process under different pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and sorbent dosage. The biosorption of Cr(VI) by Opuntia biomass was highly pH dependent, favoring higher metal uptake at low pH. The higher biosorption capacity was exhibited at pH 2. The optimal conditions were obtained at a sorbent dosage of 1 g L(-1) and initial metal concentration of 10 mg L(-1). Biosorption kinetic data were properly fitted with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The rate constant, the initial biosorption rate, and the equilibrium biosorption capacity were determined. The experimental equilibrium data obtained were analyzed using two-parameter isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin). The Langmuir maximum monolayer biosorption capacity (q max) was 18.5 mg g(-1) for cladodes and 16.4 mg g(-1) for ectodermis. The results suggest that Opuntia biomass could be considered a promising low-cost biosorbent for the ecofriendly removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous systems.
Project description:Carbon from jatropha seed hull (JC) was prepared to study the adsorption of cadmium ions (Cd2+) from aqueous solutions under various experimental conditions. Batch equilibrium methods have been used to study the influences of the initial metal ion concentration (0.5-50 ppm), dosage (0.2-1 g), contact time (0-300 min), pH (2-7), and temperature (26-60 °C) on adsorption behavior. It has been found that the amount of cadmium adsorbed increases with the initial metal ion concentration, temperature, pH, contact time, and amount of adsorbent. A kinetic study proved that the mechanism of Cd2+ adsorption on JC followed a three steps process, confirmed by an intraparticle diffusion model: rapid adsorption of metal ions, a transition phase, and nearly flat plateau section. The experimental results also showed that the Cd2+ adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. The Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were used to describe the experimental data, with the former exhibiting a better correlation coefficient than the latter (R² = 0.999). The monolayer adsorption capacity of JC has been compared with the capacities of the other reported agriculturally-based adsorbents. It has been clearly demonstrated that this agricultural waste generated by the biofuel industry can be considered a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of Cd2+ from industrial effluents.
Project description:Heavy metal lead, which enters the human body through food intake, endangers human health. Microbe has the ability of adsorbing heavy metal, among which lactic acid bacteria are promising microbes to adsorb and remove Pb2+. The purpose of this study was to screen lactic acid bacteria from Ya'an pickle water to effectively remove Pb2+. The 7 strains having strong ability to effectively remove Pb2+ were detected. These strains were identified by microscopic examination and 16S rDNA sequencing, 4 strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and 3 strains of Lactobacillus brevis were obtained. Then the bacteria had a blind adsorption effect on Pb2+. After microwave digestion, the Pb2+ concentration was measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The highest removal reached 82.25%. The adsorption mechanism of lactic acid bacteria was mainly divided into biosorption and bioaccumulation. The 7 strains of lactic acid bacteria could provide potential for detoxification of contaminated foods and reduction of the Pb2+ accumulation in the human diet and animal feed. At the same time, this study was helpful to further understand the mechanism of Pb2+ being adsorbed by lactic acid bacteria.
Project description:The study was navigated to examine the metal biosorbing ability of bacterial strain OSM29 recovered from rhizosphere of cauliflower grown in soil irrigated consistently with industrial effluents. The metal tolerant bacterial strain OSM29 was identified as Bacillus thuringiensis following 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. In the presence of the varying concentrations (25-150 mgl(-1)) of heavy metals, such as cadmium, chromium, copper, lead and nickel, the B. thuringiensis strain OSM29 showed an obvious metal removing potential. The effect of certain physico-chemical factors such as pH, initial metal concentration, and contact time on biosorption was also assessed. The optimum pH for nickel and chromium removal was 7, while for cadmium, copper and lead, it was 6. The optimal contact time was 30 min. for each metal at 32 ± 2 °C by strain OSM29. The biosorption capacity of the strain OSM29 for the metallic ions was highest for Ni (94%) which was followed by Cu (91.8%), while the lowest sorption by bacterial biomass was recorded for Cd (87%) at 25 mgl(-1) initial metal ion concentration. The regression coefficients obtained for heavy metals from the Freundlich and Langmuir models were significant. The surface chemical functional groups of B. thuringiensis biomass identified by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, which may be involved in the biosorption of heavy metals. The biosorption ability of B. thuringiensis OSM29 varied with metals and was pH and metal concentration dependent. The biosorption of each metal was fairly rapid which could be an advantage for large scale treatment of contaminated sites.
Project description:A chromium and tannic acid resistance fungal strain was isolated from tannery effluent, and identified as Aspergillus niveus MCC 1318 based on its rDNA gene sequence. The MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) of the isolate against chromium and tannic acid was found to be 200 ppm and 5% respectively. Optimization of physiochemical parameters for biosorption of chromium and tannic acid degradation was carried out by Plackett-Burman design followed by response surface methodology (RSM). The maximum chromium removal and tannic acid degradation was found to be 92 and 68% respectively by A. niveus. Chromium removal and tannic acid degradation was increased up to 11 and 6% respectively after optimization. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to investigate biosorption phenomena.