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High-order radiomics features based on T2 FLAIR MRI predict multiple glioma immunohistochemical features: A more precise and personalized gliomas management.


ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To investigate the performance of high-order radiomics features and models based on T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (T2 FLAIR) in predicting the immunohistochemical biomarkers of glioma, in order to execute a non-invasive, more precise and personalized glioma disease management. METHODS:51 pathologically confirmed gliomas patients committed in our hospital from March 2015 to June 2018 were retrospective analysis, and Ki-67, vimentin, S-100 and CD34 immunohistochemical data were collected. The volumes of interest (VOIs) were manually sketched and the radiomics features were extracted. Feature reduction was performed by ANOVA+ Mann-Whiney, spearman correlation analysis, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and Gradient descent algorithm (GBDT). SMOTE technique was used to solve the data bias between two groups. Comprehensive binary logistic regression models were established. Area under the ROC curves (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were used to evaluate the predict performance of models. Models reliability were decided according to the standard net benefit of the decision curves. RESULTS:Four clusters of significant features were screened out and four predicting models were constructed. AUC of Ki-67, S-100, vimentin and CD34 models were 0.713, 0.923, 0.854 and 0.745, respectively. The sensitivities were 0.692, 0.893, 0.875 and 0.556, respectively. The specificities were: 0.667, 0.905, 0.722, and 0.875, with accuracy of 0.660, 0.898, 0.738, and 0.667, respectively. According to the decision curves, the Ki-67, S-100 and vimentin models had reference values. CONCLUSION:The radiomics features based on T2 FLAIR can potentially predict the Ki-67, S-100, vimentin and CD34 expression. Radiomics model were expected to be a computer-intelligent, non-invasive, accurate and personalized management method for gliomas.

SUBMITTER: Li J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6975558 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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