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Erythroid differentiation regulator-1 induced by microbiota in early life drives intestinal stem cell proliferation and regeneration.

ABSTRACT: Gut microbiota and their metabolites are instrumental in regulating intestinal homeostasis. However, early-life microbiota associated influences on intestinal development remain incompletely understood. Here we demonstrate that co-housing of germ-free (GF) mice with specific-pathogen free (SPF) mice at weaning (exGF) results in altered intestinal gene expression. Our results reveal that one highly differentially expressed gene, erythroid differentiation regulator-1 (Erdr1), is induced during development in SPF but not GF or exGF mice and localizes to Lgr5+ stem cells and transit amplifying (TA) cells. Erdr1 functions to induce Wnt signaling in epithelial cells, increase Lgr5+ stem cell expansion, and promote intestinal organoid growth. Additionally, Erdr1 accelerates scratch-wound closure in vitro, increases Lgr5+ intestinal stem cell regeneration following radiation-induced injury in vivo, and enhances recovery from dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colonic damage. Collectively, our findings indicate that early-life microbiota controls Erdr1-mediated intestinal epithelial proliferation and regeneration in response to mucosal damage.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6981263 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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