MiR-24-3p Inhibits the Progression of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Through LAMB3 Downregulation.
ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is associated with several genetic syndromes. However, the molecular mechanism underlying PDAC progression is still unknown. In this study, we showed that Laminin Subunit Beta 3 (LAMB3) was aberrantly overexpressed in PDAC and was closely associated with the overall survival rate of patients with PDAC. Functional studies demonstrated that LAMB3 played important roles in cell proliferation, the cell cycle, and invasion capacity. Using bioinformatics analysis, we determined that miR-24-3p was an upstream miRNA of LAMB3, and further experiments verified that miR-24-3p regulated LAMB3 expression in PDAC cells. A dual-luciferase reporter system demonstrated that miR-24-3p directly targeted the LAMB3 3'UTR, and FISH assay confirmed that miR-24-3p and LAMB3 mRNA mostly resided in cytoplasm, accounting for their post-translational regulation. Rescue assay demonstrated that miR-24-3p exerted its anti-cancer role by suppressing LAMB3 expression. Finally, by using a subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model, we demonstrated that miR-24-3p overexpression inhibited the proliferation of PDAC by suppressing LAMB3 expression in vivo. Collectively, our results provide evidence that the miR-24-3p/LAMB3 axis plays a vital role in the progression of PDAC and indicate that the miR-24-3p/LAMB3 axis may represent a novel therapeutic target for PDAC.
Project description:The poor prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is partially attributed to the invasive and metastatic behavior of this disease. Laminin subunit beta-3 (LAMB3) encodes one of the three subunits of LM-332, an extracellular matrix protein secreted by cultured human keratinocytes. In addition, LAMB3 is involved in the invasive and metastatic abilities of some types of cancer, including colon, pancreas, lung, cervix, stomach, and prostate cancer, but the role and mechanism of LAMB3 in PDAC have not been previously determined. Herein, we tentatively investigated the role of LAMB3 in the malignant biological behavior of PDAC. In this study, we demonstrated that LAMB3 is upregulated in PDAC. Inhibition of LAMB3 abrogated the tumorigenic outcomes of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway activation, including those involving cell cycle arrest, cell apoptosis, proliferation, invasion and migration in vitro, and tumor growth and liver metastasis in vivo. Our results showed that LAMB3 could mediate cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in PDAC cells and alter the proliferative, invasive, and metastatic behaviors of PDAC by regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. LAMB3 may be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of PDAC in the future.
Project description:Metastasis remains one of the most intractable challenges in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) biology, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is essential to the epithelium-originated solid tumor metastasis cascade. Emerging evidence demonstrates that aberrant miRNA expression is involved in pancreatic cancer progression. We found that miR-361-3p was associated with an advanced stage of PDAC and poor prognosis. Hence, the effect of miR-361-3p on metastasis of PDAC cells was evaluated using Transwell assay and wound healing assay in vitro as well as orthotopic and liver metastasis pancreatic cancer models in vivo. Overexpression of miR-361-3p promoted pancreatic cancer cell migration and invasion in vitro, and miR-361-3p-elevated PDAC cells were prone to generating metastatic nodules in vivo. However, miR-361-3p showed no significant effect on the proliferation of PDAC cells in vivo or in vitro. Further study demonstrated that miR-361-3p could enhance EMT and ERK pathway activation, and ERK inhibitor could attenuate miR-361-3p-induced EMT. Luciferase assays, qPCR, and western blot and Ago2 co-immunoprecipitation were performed to identify the direct target of miR-361-3p. Mechanistic investigations identified DUSP2 as a direct target of miR-361-3p, and DUSP2 was revealed to be involved in miR-361-3p-induced EMT by directly leading to the inactivation of the ERK pathway. Moreover, we found that miR-361-3p-induced EMT was dependent on Ago2, the core component of RNA-induced silencing complex, while enforced expression of Ago2 enhanced the miR-361-3p-induced effect by promoting interference efficacy and specificity rather than regulating miR-361-3p stability and biogenesis. Thus, this study revealed that miR-361-3p functions as an oncomiR for promoting metastasis and identified the miR-361-3p/DUSP2/ERK axis as a novel EMT axis dependent on Ago2 in PDAC.
Project description:Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a leading cause of cancer-related death due to the failure of traditional therapies. In the present study, we attempted to construct a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network which may modulate PDAC cell proliferation and Gemcitabine-induced cell apoptosis starting from CDK14, a new member of the CDK family and an oncogene in many cancers. Based on TCGA data, a significant positive correlation was observed between lncRNA MSC-AS1 and CDK14. Moreover, MSC-AS1 expression was upregulated in PDAC tissues. Higher MSC-AS1 expression was correlated with poorer prognosis in patients with PDAC. MSC-AS1 knockdown in Panc-1 and BxPC-3 cells significantly inhibited the cell proliferation. Moreover, miR-29b-3p, which has been reported to act as a tumor suppressor, was predicted to bind to both MSC-AS1 and CDK14. Contrary to MSC-AS1, higher miR-29b-3p expression was correlated to better prognosis in patients with PDAC. In both PDAC cell lines, miR-29b-3p negatively regulated MSC-AS1 and CDK14. As confirmed using luciferase reporter gene and RIP assays, MSC-AS1 served as a ceRNA for miR-29b-3p to counteract miR-29b-mediated CDK14 repression. MSC-AS1 knockdown inhibited CDK14 protein levels and PDAC proliferation and enhanced gemcitabine-induced cell death and apoptosis while miR-29b-3p inhibition exerted an opposing effect; the effect of MSC-AS1 knockdown was partially attenuated by miR-29b-3p inhibition. Taken together, we demonstrated that MSC-AS1/miR-29b-3p axis modulates the cell proliferation and GEM-induced cell apoptosis in PDAC cell lines through CDK14. We provided a novel experimental basis for PDAC treatment from the perspective of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network.
Project description:Gemcitabine-based chemotherapy is the most common treatment option for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, it offers little therapeutic value in many cases due to the rapid development of chemoresistance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to play pivotal roles in the chemotherapeutic resistance of PDAC. We found that miR-410-3p was significantly down-regulated in human pancreatic cancer xenograft (HPCx) tumor tissues from gemcitabine-treated mice. Low miR-410-3p expression correlated with gemcitabine resistance in HPCx tumors and PDAC cells as well as poor prognosis in PDAC patients. We also found that miR-410-3p attenuated the gemcitabine resistance of PDAC by targeting the 3'-UTR of HMGB1. Moreover, our study clearly demonstrated that miR-410-3p enhanced chemosensitivity to gemcitabine via inhibiting HMGB1-induced autophagy during chemotherapy in PDAC cells. Our study suggests that miR-410-3p expression may be a useful indicator of the potential for chemoresistance to gemcitabine and provide a potential new therapeutic target for chemoresistance in PDAC.
Project description:Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which accounts for 96% of all pancreatic cancer cases, is characterized by rapid progression, invasion and metastasis. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-?) signaling is an essential pathway in metastatic progression and microRNAs (miRNA) play central roles in the regulation of various biological and pathologic processes including cancer metastasis. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in regulation of miRNAs and activation of TGF-? signaling in PDAC remain to be established. The results of this study suggested that miR-323-3p expression in PDAC tissues and cell lines was significantly decreased compared to levels in normal pancreatic tissues and primary cultured pancreatic duct epithelial cells. Further investigation revealed that miR-323-3p directly targeted and suppressed SMAD2 and SMAD3, both key components in TGF-? signaling. Lower levels of miR-323-3p predicted poorer prognosis in patients with PDAC. Ectopic overexpression of miR-323-3p significantly inhibited, while silencing of miR-323-3p increased the migration and invasion abilities of PDAC cells in vitro. Moreover, using an in vivo mouse model, we demonstrated that overexpressing of miR-323-3p significantly reduced, while knockdown of miR-323-3p enhanced lung metastatic colonization of PANC-1 cells. Furthermore, miR-323-3p-induced TGF-b signaling inhibition and cell motility suppression were partially rescued by overexpressing of Smad2 and Smad3 in PDAC cells. Our findings suggest that re-expression of miR-323-3p might offer a novel therapeutic target against metastasis in patients with PDAC.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are unique in that a single miRNA molecule regulates a vast number of RNA transcripts. Thus, aberrantly expressed miRNAs disrupt tightly controlled RNA networks in cancer cells. Our functional screening showed that expression of miR-124-3p was downregulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissues. Here, we aimed to investigate the anti-tumor roles of miR-124-3p in PDAC cells and to identify miR-124-3p-mediated oncogenic signaling in this disease. Ectopic expression of miR-124-3p inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion in PDAC cells. Moreover, restoration of miR-124-3p suppressed oncogenic signaling, as demonstrated by reduced phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase, AKT, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, in PDAC cells. Our in silico database analyses and luciferase reporter assays showed that two cell-surface matrix receptors, integrin ?3 (ITGA3) and integrin ?1 (ITGB1), were directly regulated by miR-124-3p in PDAC cells. Overexpression of ITGA3 and ITGB1 was confirmed in PDAC clinical specimens. Interestingly, a large number of cohort analyses from TCGA database showed that high expressions of ITGA3 and ITGB1 were significantly associated with poor prognosis of patients with PDAC. Knockdown of ITGA3 and ITGB1 by siRNAs markedly suppressed the migration and invasion abilities of PDAC cells. Moreover, downstream oncogenic signaling was inhibited by ectopic expression of miR-124-3p or knockdown of the two integrins. The discovery of anti-tumor miRNAs and miRNA-mediated oncogenic signaling may provide novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of PDAC.
Project description:BackgroundCircular RNAs (circRNAs) have been well documented to regulate the gene expression via sponging microRNA (miRNA) in diverse neoplasms including gastric cancer (GC).MethodsIn the present study, the expressions of circ_0001023, miR-409-3p, and plant homeodomain finger 10 (PHF10) in GC tissues were detected by qRT-PCR. Chi-square test was performed to analyze the associations between circ_0001023 and pathological parameters. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry, and transwell assay were adopted to detect the role of circ_0001023/miR-409-3p axis in the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of GC cells, respectively. The targeting relationship between circ_0001023 and miR-409-3p was investigated by dual?-luciferase gene reporter gene assay. Additionally, subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model in nude mice was established to detect the function of circ_0001023 on GC growth in vivo.ResultsCompared with adjacent tissues, the expression of circ_0001023 was significantly upregulated and correlated with lymph node invasion and higher T stage of GC patients. It has also been proved that circ_0001023 could target miR-409-3p. Silencing circ_0001023 can impede the proliferation of GC cells and promote apoptosis, while miR-409-3p inhibitors can partially reverse the biological behavior of GC cells mentioned above. Moreover, the expression of circ_0001023 was reversely associated with miR-409-3p expression but positively correlated with PHF10, a downstream oncogene of miR-409-3p.ConclusionCollectively, it is concluded that circ_0001023 promotes the progression of GC via regulating miR-409-3p/PHF10 axis.
Project description:Modulation of KRAS activity by upstream signals has revealed a promising new approach for pancreatic cancer therapy; however, it is not clear whether microRNA-associated KRAS axis is involved in the carcinogenesis of pancreatic cancer. Here, we identified miR-193b as a tumor-suppressive miRNA in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Expression analyses revealed that miR-193b was downregulated in (10/11) PDAC specimens and cell lines. Moreover, we found that miR-193b functioned as a cell-cycle brake in PDAC cells by inducing G1-phase arrest and reducing the fraction of cells in S phase, thereby leading to dampened cell proliferation. miR-193b also modulated the malignant transformation phenotype of PDAC cells by suppressing anchorage-independent growth. Mechanistically, KRAS was verified as a direct effector of miR-193b, through which the AKT and ERK pathways were modulated and cell growth of PDAC cells was suppressed. Taken together, our findings indicate that miR-193b-mediated deregulation of the KRAS axis is involved in pancreatic carcinogenesis, and suggest that miR-193b could be a potentially effective target for PDAC therapy.
Project description:Background:In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of human long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) FYVE RhoGEF And PH Domain Containing 5 Antisense RNA 1 (FGD5-AS1) and its downstream epigenetic axis, human microRNA-153-3p (hsa-miR-153-3p)/Cbp/P300-interacting transactivator with Glu/Asp-rich carboxy-terminal domain 2 (CITED2) in human gastric cancer. Methods:Gastric cancer cell lines and clinical tumor samples were used to assess FGD5-AS1 expression levels. Lentivirus containing FGD5-AS1 small interfering RNA (sh-FGD5AS1) was applied to knockdown FGD5-AS1 expression. Cancer cells in vitro and in vivo proliferation, and 5-FU chemoresistance were assessed, respectively. Expressions of hsa-miR-153-3p/CITED2 were also assessed in FGD5-AS1-downregulated gastric cancer cells. Hsa-miR-153-3p was knocked down and CITED2 was upregulated to assess their direct functional correlations with FGD5-AS1 in gastric cancer. Results:Both gastric cancer cell lines and human tumor samples showed aberrant FGD5-AS1 upregulation. Lentiviral-induced FGD5-AS1 knockdown reduced cancer proliferation, 5-FU chemoresistance in vitro, and tumorigenicity in vivo. Hsa-miR-153-3p/CITED2 axis was confirmed to be downstream of FGD5-AS1 in gastric cancer. Hsa-miR-153-3p inhibition or CITED2 upregulation reversed the tumor-suppressing effects of FGD5-AS1 downregulation on gastric cancer proliferation and 5-FU chemoresistance. Conclusion:We demonstrated that FGD5-AS1 can regulate human gastric cancer cell functions, possibly through its downstream epigenetic axis of hsa-miR-153-3p/CITED2.