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Cervical cancer prevention among long-term screening non-attendees by vaginal self-collected samples for hr-HPV mRNA detection.


ABSTRACT: Background:The efficacy of cervical cancer screening programs is dependent on the participation rate. To increase participation among women not attending cervical cancer screening, self-collected samples for detection of high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) may be an option.The aims of this study were: to investigate the response rate to sending a self-collected vaginal sample for hr-HPV mRNA detection to long-term non-attendees; the compliance with follow-up among women positive for HPV in the self-sample; the prevalence of cervical dysplasia (high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), atypical squamous cells that cannot exclude HSIL (ASC-H) or adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)) or cancer among the responders; as well as to explore reasons for not returning a self-sample. Methods:A vaginal self-sampling kit was sent to 6023 women aged 30-70?years who had not provided a cervical screening sample for ?7?years in the Region of Skåne, Sweden in November and December 2017. The self-sample was analyzed by Aptima HPV mRNA assay (Hologic). All vaginal self-samples returned no later than May 31, 2018 were included in the study. Follow-up of the results was registered until January 31, 2019 with a follow-up time varying between eight to 14?months. Women positive for hr-HPV mRNA were invited for a follow-up examination. This examination consisted of a cervical sample for cytological analysis and renewed Aptima HPV mRNA testing. Two hundred thirty-five women who had not returned the self-sample were randomly selected for telephone interviews, in order to explore their reasons. Results:The response rate for the self-collected vaginal hr-HPV sample was 13.2% [(797/6023), 95% CI 12.4-14.1%] and 9.9% [(79/796), 95% CI 7.9-12.2%] were positive for hr-HPV mRNA. The prevalence of severe dysplasia or cancer in the whole group of responders was 1.3% [(10/796), 95% CI 0.6-2.3%], with a cervical cancer prevalence of 0.4% [(3/796), 95% CI 0.1-1.1%]. Only 27 women participated in the telephone interviews, no particular reason for not returning self-samples was observed. Conclusions:Self-collected vaginal hr-HPV samples increased participation in the cervical cancer screening among long-term non-attendees. The prevalence of cervical cancer was almost seven times higher for long-term non-attendees than in the organized screening population.

SUBMITTER: Ernstson A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7017526 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.21873/anticanres.13123

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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