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Nudix Hydrolase NUDT16 Regulates 53BP1 Protein by Reversing 53BP1 ADP-Ribosylation.

ABSTRACT: 53BP1 controls two downstream subpathways, one mediated by PTIP and Artemis and the other by RIF1 and MAD2L2/Shieldin, to coordinate DNA repair pathway choices. However, the upstream regulator(s) of 53BP1 function in DNA repair remain unknown. We and others recently reported that TIRR associates with 53BP1 to stabilize it and prevents 53BP1 localization to DNA damage sites by blocking 53BP1 Tudor domain binding to H4K20me2 sites. Here, we report that the Nudix hydrolase NUDT16, a TIRR homolog, regulates 53BP1 stability. We identified a novel posttranslational modification of 53BP1 by ADP-ribosylation that is targeted by a PAR-binding E3 ubiquitin ligase, RNF146, leading to 53BP1 polyubiquitination and degradation. In response to DNA damage, ADP-ribosylated 53BP1 increased significantly, resulting in its ubiquitination and degradation. These data suggest that NUDT16 plays a major role in controlling 53BP1 levels under both normal growth conditions and during DNA damage. Notably, overexpression of a NUDT16 catalytically inactive mutant blocked 53BP1 localization to double-strand breaks because (i) the mutant binding to TIRR increased after IR; (ii) the mutant enhanced 53BP1 Tudor domain binding to TIRR, and (iii) the mutant impaired the interaction of 53BP1 Tudor domain with H4K20me2. Moreover, NUDT16's catalytic hydrolase activity was required for 53BP1 de-ADP-ribosylation, 53BP1 protein stability, and its function in cell survival. In summary, we demonstrate that NUDT16 regulates 53BP1 stability and 53BP1 recruitment at double-strand breaks, providing yet another mechanism of 53BP1 regulation.Significance: This study provides a novel mechanism of 53BP1 regulation by demonstrating that NUDT16 has hydrolase activities that remove ADP-ribosylation of 53BP1 to regulate 53BP1 stability and 53BP1 localization at DSBs.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7056578 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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