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Use of microbiological and patient data for choice of empirical antibiotic therapy in acute cholangitis.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Ineffective antibiotic therapy increases mortality of acute cholangitis. The choice of antibiotics should reflect local resistance patterns and avoid the overuse of broad-spectrum agents. In this study, we analysed how results of bile and blood cultures and patient data can be used for selection of empirical antibiotic therapy in acute cholangits. METHODS:Pathogen frequencies and susceptibility rates were determined in 423 positive bile duct cultures and 197 corresponding blood cultures obtained from 348 consecutive patients with acute cholangitis. Patient data were retrieved from the medical records. Associations of patient and microbiological data were assessed using the Chi-2 test and multivariate binary logistic regression. RESULTS:In bile cultures, enterobacterales and enterococci were isolated with equal frequencies of approximately 30% whereas in blood cultures, enterobacterales predominated (56% compared to 21% enterococci). Antibiotic resistance rates of enterobacterales were?>?20% for fluorochinolones, cephalosporines and acylureidopenicillins but not for carbapenems (

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7066745 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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