LncRNA FAM83H-AS1 promotes triple-negative breast cancer progression by regulating the miR-136-5p/metadherin axis.
ABSTRACT: In this study, we evaluated the function and regulation of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) FAM83H-AS1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Our data show that the FAM83H-AS1 levels are increased in human TNBC cells and tissues. Proliferation, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells are decreased by FAM83H-AS1 suppression, but increased by FAM83H-AS1 overexpression. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that miR-136-5p is a potential target of FAM83H-AS1. MiR-136-5p expression is decreased in TNBC tissues, and its overexpression suppresses TNBC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. MiR-136-5p suppression reverses the FAM83H-AS1 silencing-mediated inhibition of TNBC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, suggesting that FAM83H-AS1 exerts its oncogenic effect by inhibiting miR-136-5p. Our data identify metadherin (MTDH) as the target gene of miR-136-5p, and demonstrate that the MTDH expression is increased in human TNBC tissues, which induces proliferation, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells. Importantly, our in vivo data show that FAM83H-AS1 also promotes tumor growth in TNBC mouse xenografts. Together, our results demonstrate that FAM83H-AS1 functions as an oncogenic lncRNA that regulates miR-136-5p and MTDH expression during TNBC progression, and suggest that targeting the FAM83H-AS1/miR-136-5p/MTDH axis may serve as a novel therapeutic target in TNBC.
Project description:<b>Objective: </b>Mounting evidence demonstrates that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is dysregulated in breast cancers. This study was designed to detect the influences and regulatory mechanism of lncRNA PDCD4-AS1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).<br><br><b>Methods: </b>qRT-PCR and Western blot were utilized to investigate the expression levels of PDCD4-AS1, miR-10b-5p and IQGAP2 in TNBC tissues and cells. Online software and luciferase reporter gene system were employed to testify the interactions among these molecules. Loss and gain of function of PDCD4-AS1, miR-10b-5p or IQGAP2 were performed before MTT and colony formation assay, TUNEL staining in addition to Transwell and scratch assays were applied to measure the cell biological functions.<br><br><b>Results: </b>In this work, PDCD4-AS1 and IQGAP2 were lowly expressed while miR-10b-5p was strongly expressed in TNBC tissues and cells. PDCD4-AS1 or IQGAP2 overexpression effectively attenuated TNBC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and increased the apoptosis rate, while this effect was abandoned in response to miR-10b-5p mimics transfection. miR-10b-5p bound to IQGAP2 and acted as a downstream target of PDCD4-AS1.<br><br><b>Conclusion: </b>Our findings identified lncRNA PDCD4-AS1 as a tumor suppressor in TNBC by regulating IQGAP2 expression via miR-10b-5p, giving a novel insight into the regulatory mechanism of PDCD4-AS1 in the pathogenesis of TNBC.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is a common malignancy of the endocrine system. This research aimed to examine the expression levels of miR-136-5p and metadherin (MTDH) in TC and unveil their potential targeting relationship. METHODS:TC microRNA (miRNA) microarray and miRNA-sequencing data were collected to evaluated miR-136-5p expression. We assessed the comprehensive expression of miR-136-5p by calculating the standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (sROC). Subsequently, the miR-136-5p mimic and inhibitor were transfected into the TC B-CPAP cell, Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay and cell apoptosis assay by FACS with Annexin V-/7-AAD double staining were performed to explore the biological role of miR-136-5p in the B-CPAP cell line. Prediction of target genes and potential biological function analysis of miR-136-5p were made using miRWalk2.0 and DAVID, respectively. Through target gene prediction, MTDH may be the candidate target gene of miR-136-5p. Subsequently, gene microarrays and RNA-sequencing data were also leveraged for MTDH expression. The meta-analysis method was conducted to evaluate the comprehensive expression level of MTDH. In addition, MTDH protein expression was identified using immunohistochemistry. The MTDH protein levels post-miR-136-5p transfection were verified by western blot, and the dual luciferase reporter assay was adapted to confirm the direct targeting relation between miR-136-5p and MTDH. RESULTS:The miR-136-5p level was remarkably downregulated in TC, the pooled SMD was -0.47 (95% CI: -0.70 to -0.23, I2=36.6%, P=0.192) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the sROC was 0.67 based on 543 cases of TC. MTT indicated that the overexpression of miR-136-5p dramatically inhibited the proliferation of B-CPAP cells. The cell apoptosis increased in the miR-136-5p mimic group compared to the negative control group. In addition, both MTDH mRNA and protein levels were markedly overexpressed, with the pooled SMD being 0.94 (95% CI: -0.35 to 2.24, I2=98.8%, P<0.001), and the AUC of the sROC being 0.85 with 1054 cases of TC. The MTDH protein level was significantly up-regulated in TC than in the non-carcinomic tissues by immunohistochemistry (8.292±1.717 vs. 2.618±2.570, P<0.001). Western blot indicated that MTDH protein expression was suppressed by miR-136-5p mimic in the B-CPAP cell line, which was further supported by the dual luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSION:The miR-136-5p/MTDH axis may play a vital role in modulating TC tumorigenesis, providing new insight into possible molecular mechanisms of TC oncogenesis.
Project description:BACKGROUND:TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73-AS1) is a long noncoding RNA which has been shown to be involved in the progression of multiple malignant tumors. Previous studies have demonstrated the oncogenic role of TP73-AS1 in breast cancer. However, its molecular mechanism remains largely unknown in breast tumorigenesis. METHODS:Expression of TP63-AS1, miRNA-125a-3p (miR-125a) and metadherin (MTDH) was detected by real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting. The malignancy was evaluated by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8), transwell assays, flow cytometry and western blotting. The target binding was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. Xenograft tumor model was performed to detect tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS:Expression of TP73-AS1 was higher in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. Biologically, its knockdown could promote cell apoptosis rate, and inhibit proliferative capacity, migration and invasion ability in HCC-70 and MB231 cells, accompanied with higher cleaved caspase 3 level and lower Ki67, N-cadherin and Vimentin level. Moreover, TP73-AS1 downregulation restrained the tumor growth of HCC-70 cells in vivo. Mechanically, TP73-AS1 functioned as a molecular "sponge" for miR-125a to modulate MTDH, a downstream target of miR-125a. Intriguingly, both miR-125a overexpression and MTDH silencing exerted a tumor-suppressive effect in the malignant progression of HCC-70 and MB231 cells, which was counteracted by TP73-AS1 upregulation and miR-125a downregulation, respectively. CONCLUSION:Knockdown of TP73-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, but facilitated apoptosis in breast cancer cells in vitro through targeting miR-125a and upregulating MTDH, suggesting a novel TP73-AS1/miR-125a/MTDH pathway in the malignant progression of breast cancer.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in the tumour progression. LncRNAs mostly act as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) by sponging miRNAs. This study aimed to study the association of a novel lncRNA MFI2-AS1 with miR-574-5p/MYCBP axis in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS:Ninety-four CRC tissues and paired adjacent non-tumour tissues were included in our study. The relative expression level of MFI2-AS1 was detected, and its relationship with clinico-pathological factors was analysed. Then, the CRC cells lines (LoVo and RKO) were transfected with MFI2-AS1 siRNA, miR-574-5p mimics and inhibitors. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle distribution and DNA damage in response to different transfection conditions were examined. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to identify the target interactions between MFI2-AS1 and miR-574-5p, miR-574-5p and MYCBP. RESULTS:LncRNA MFI2-AS1 and MYCBP were up-regulated in CRC tissues when compared with adjacent non-tumour tissues. The expression levels of MFI2-AS1 were significantly associated with tumour histological grade, lymph and distant metastasis, TNM stage and vascular invasion. Both MFI2-AS1 siRNA and miR-574-5p mimics inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion in LoVo and RKO cells. The transfection of miR-574-5p inhibitor showed MFI2-AS1 siRNA-induced changes in CRC cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed target interactions between MFI2-AS1 and miR-574-5p, miR-574-5p and MYCBP. CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggested that lncRNA MFI2-AS1 and MYCBP have promoting effects in CRC tissues. LncRNA MFI2-AS1 promoted CRC cell proliferation, migration and invasion through activating MYCBP and by sponging miR-574-5p.
Project description:Patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC) have a poor prognosis with a median overall survival of 10?12 months. Long non?coding RNA nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase?antisense RNA1 (NNT?AS1) and sex?determining region Y?related high mobility group box 4 (SOX4) have been reported to be associated with the progression of various types of cancer; however, the regulatory mechanism between NNT?AS1 and SOX4 in GC is not completely understood. Reverse transcription?quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression levels of NNT?AS1, microRNA (miR)?142?5p and SOX4. Western blotting was performed to assess the protein expression levels of SOX4, ??catenin, c?Myc, Bcl?2 and E?cadherin. The proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of GC cells were determined using MTT, flow cytometry and Transwell assays. The relationship between miR?142?5p and NNT?AS1 or SOX4 was investigated using a dual?luciferase reporter assay. NNT?AS1 and SOX4 were upregulated, whereas miR?142?5p was downregulated in GC tissues and cells compared with normal tissues and cells. Both NNT?AS1 and SOX4 knockdown inhibited GC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and enhanced GC cell apoptosis. Moreover, the results indicated that NNT?AS1 modulated SOX4 expression by sponging miR?142?5p. In addition, SOX4 overexpression reversed NNT?AS1 knockdown?mediated effects on GC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. NNT?AS1 knockdown blocked the Wnt/??catenin signaling pathway via the miR?142?5p/SOX4 axis. Collectively, the present study indicated that NNT?AS1 knockdown decreased GC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and induced GC cell apoptosis by regulating the miR?142?5p/SOX4/Wnt/??catenin signaling pathway axis.
Project description:Purpose:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in a variety of cancers, including glioma. However, the exact role and underlying mechanism of lncRNA AGAP2 antisense RNA 1 (AGAP2-AS1) in glioma have not yet been fully elucidated. Methods:The expression levels of AGAP2-AS1, microRNA-628-5p (miR-628-5p) and pleiotrophin (PTN) were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry, transwell assay, respectively. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein level of PTN. The interaction between miR-628-5p and AGAP2-AS1 or PTN was predicted by bioinformatics software and confirmed by the dual-luciferase reporter and RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. Murine xenograft model was established to confirm the role of AGAP2-AS1 in glioma progression in vivo. Results:AGAP2-AS1 expression was upregulated in glioma tissues and cells. Knockdown of AGAP2-AS1 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion, but facilitated apoptosis in glioma cells. Moreover, AGAP2-AS1 could directly bind to miR-628-5p and its overexpression reversed the anti-tumor effect of miR-628-5p restoration on the progression of glioma cells. In addition, miR-628-5p directly targeted PTN and its inhibition abolished the inhibitory effect of PTN knockdown on the progression of glioma cells. Furthermore, AGAP2-AS1 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) by sponging miR-628-5p to modulate PTN expression. Besides, AGAP2-AS1 depletion reduced tumor growth by upregulating miR-628-5p and downregulating PTN. Conclusion:AGAP2-AS1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion but promoted cell apoptosis in glioma cells by regulating miR-628-5p/PTN axis, providing novel avenues for treatment of glioma.
Project description:Background: DC-STAMP domain containing 1-antisense 1 (DCST1-AS1) is a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that is up-regulated in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tissues. Here, we attempt to investigate the oncogenic property of DCST1-AS1. Methods: LncRNA microarrays were used to detect differentially expressed lncRNA in cancerous tissues. Fluorescence in situ hybridization assay was used to detect the distribution of DCST1-AS1 in BT-549 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Lentiviral systems, inhibitors, siRNA and overexpression plasmids were used for gain- and loss-of-function experiments. Colony formation assay, wound healing assay, CCK8 assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry assay were used to study the function of DCST1-AS1. Luciferase assay was used to verify the binding of MYC to the promoter region and the binding of miR-873-5p to DCST1-AS1. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was used to verify that argonaute 2 binds to both miR-873-5p and DCST1-AS1. Western blotting was used to measure changes in protein expression. Results: Consistent with the microarray results, we found that DCST1-AS1 was up-regulated in both TNBC tissue samples and cell lines. DCST1-AS1 was positively correlated with distant metastasis and histopathological grades. DCST1-AS1 is distributed in both nucleus and cytoplasm. Knockdown of DCST1-AS1 inhibits TNBC cell proliferation and metastasis, while overexpression of DCST1-AS1 promotes TNBC cell proliferation and metastasis. We confirmed that DCST1-AS1 expression in TNBC cells is regulated by MYC. Furthermore, we found that DCST1-AS1 is negatively correlated with miR-873-5p in TNBC tissues and is a direct target gene of miR-873-5p. Argonaute 2 is involved in the binding of DCST1-AS1 and miR-873-5p and promotes the degradation of DCST1-AS1. The interaction of DCST1-AS1 with miR-873-5p ultimately up-regulated the expression of insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1), MYC, CD44 and lymphoid enhancer binding factor 1 (LEF1). Conclusions: DCST1-AS1 is activated by MYC and is degraded by binding to miR-873-5p, thereby upregulating the expression of miR-873-5p downstream proteins IGF2BP1, MYC, LEF1 and CD44. MYC, DCST1-AS1 and miR-873-5p form a positive regulatory loop to promote TNBC cell proliferation and metastasis.
Project description:MAFG-AS1 is an oncogenic lncRNA in multiple types of cancer. However, its role in bladder cancer (BC) remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the function of MAFG-AS1 in BC. BC and paired non-tumor tissues were collected. Two BC cell lines HT01197 and HT-1376 were used. Dual luciferase activity assay, RT-qPCR, western blot, CCK-8, transwell invasion assay, and wound healing assay were performed. We found that MAFG-AS1 was significantly up-regulated in BC tissues and predicted a poor survival rate. MAFG-AS1 interacted with miR-125b-5p. However, the expression levels of MAFG?AS1 and miR-125b-5p were not obviously correlated in BC tissues, and MAFG?AS1 and miR-125b-5p did not regulate the expression of each other. Interestingly, we found that SphK1, a downstream target of miR-125b-5p, was negatively correlated with miR-125b-5p, while it was positively correlated with MAFG-AS1 across BC tissues. In addition, overexpression of MAFG?AS1 upregulated the expression of SphK1 in BC cells, and attenuated the inhibitory effects of miR-125b-5p on the expression of SphK1. Functional assays showed that overexpression of MAFG?AS1 promoted BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while its effects were attenuated by overexpression of miR-125b-5p. Moreover, overexpression of miR-125b-5p inhibited BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while its effects were alleviated by overexpression of SphK1. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that MAFG-AS1 has an oncogenic role in BC by regulating the miR-125b-5p/SphK1 axis. MAFG-AS1 might serve as a good diagnostic marker and a potential therapeutic target of BC.
Project description:Increasing studies confirmed that abnormal lncRNAs expression play a critical role in cervical cancer (CC) development and progression. LncRNA TPT1-AS1, a novel lncRNA, its role and underlying mechanisms involved in CC remain largely unknown.Colony formation, EdU and Transwell assays were used to determine colony formation, proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. The subcutaneous tumor model and tail vein injection lung metastasis model were performed to check tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Luciferase activity and RIP experiment were carried out to determine the interaction between miR-324-5p and TPT1-AS1.We demonstrated for the first time that TPT1-AS1 expression was up-regulated in CC tissues and cell lines. High TPT1-AS1 was significantly correlated with adverse prognostic characteristics and poor survival. TPT1-AS1 overexpression and knockdown experiments revealed that TPT1-AS1 promoted cell colony formation, proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT progression of CC cells in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism indicated that TPT1-AS1 functioned as an endogenous sponge for miR-324-5p in CC cells. Gain- and loss- experiment confirmed that miR-324-5p inhibited cell colony formation, proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT progression of CC cells, and mediated the biological effects of TPT1-AS1. Further investigations confirmed that SP1 was a direct target of miR-324-5p and mediated the effects of TPT1-AS1 and miR-324-5p in CC.We demonstrated for the first time that TPT1-AS1 as an oncogenic lncRNA in CC progression and as a potential target for CC cure.
Project description:Non?small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading subtype of lung cancer, with high mortality rates. Recently, long non?coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with NSCLC. The present study aimed to examine the role of the TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73?AS1) lncRNA in NSCLC. TP73?AS1 and microRNA(miR)?34a?5p expression levels were measured using reverse transcription?quantitative PCR (RT?qPCR) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH). Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion was determined using Cell Counting Kit?8 (CCK?8), flow cytometry, Transwell and Matrigel assays, respectively. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of cisplatin (cis?diamminedichloroplatinum; DDP) was assessed using a CCK?8 assay. The interaction between miR?34a?5p and TP73?AS1 or tripartite motif?containing 29 (TRIM29) was predicted using microRNA.org and Starbase, then verified using a dual?luciferase reporter assay. The expression of TRIM29 was quantified at the mRNA and protein level using RT?qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. TP73?AS1 was significantly upregulated, while miR?34a?5p was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells. Functionally, TP73?AS1 knockdown inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and DDP resistance, whilst inducing apoptosis in NSCLC cells. miR?34a?5p was identified as a target for TP73?AS1, and its inhibition reversed the effects of TP73?AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cells. In addition, TRIM29 was targeted by miR?34a?5p, and its overexpression reversed the effects of miR?34a?5p. Moreover, TP73?AS1 acted as a molecular sponge for miR?34a?5p, increasing the expression of TRIM29. In conclusion, TP73?AS1 contributed to proliferation, migration and DDP resistance but inhibited apoptosis of NSCLC cells by upregulating TRIM29 and sponging miR?34a?5p.