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Identification of Important Proteins and Pathways Affecting Feed Efficiency in DLY Pigs by iTRAQ-Based Proteomic Analysis.


ABSTRACT: Feed efficiency is an economically important trait controlled by multiple genes in pigs. The small intestine is the main organ of digestion and nutrient absorption. To explore the biological processes by which small intestine proteomics affects feed efficiency (FE), we investigated the small intestinal tissue proteomes of high-FE and low-FE pigs by the isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) method. In this study, a total of 225 Duroc × (Landrace × Yorkshire) (DLY) commercial pigs were ranked according to feed efficiency, which ranged from 30 kg to 100 kg, and six pigs with extreme phenotypes were selected, three in each of the high and low groups. A total of 1219 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified between the high-FE and low-FE groups (fold change ?1.2 or ?0.84; p ? 0.05), of which 785 were upregulated, and 484 were downregulated. Enrichment analysis indicated that the DEPs were mainly enriched in actin filament formation, microvilli formation, and small intestinal movement pathways. Protein functional analysis and protein interaction networks indicated that RHOA, HCLS1, EZR, CDC42, and RAC1 were important proteins that regulate FE in pigs. This study provided new insights into the important pathways and proteins involved in feed efficiency in pigs.

SUBMITTER: Wu J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7070517 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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