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Planktonic Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in an Artificially Irrigated Estuarine Wetland: Diversity, Distribution, and Responses to Environmental Parameters.


ABSTRACT: Bacterial and archaeal communities play important roles in wetland ecosystems. Although the microbial communities in the soils and sediments of wetlands have been studied extensively, the comprehensive distributions of planktonic bacterial and archaeal communities and their responses to environmental variables in wetlands remain poorly understood. The present study investigated the spatiotemporal characteristics of the bacterial and archaeal communities in the water of an artificially irrigated estuarine wetland of the Liaohe River, China, explored whether the wetland effluent changed the bacterial and archaeal communities in the Liaohe River, and evaluated the driving environmental factors. Within the study, 16S rRNA quantitative PCR methods and MiSeq high-throughput sequencing were used. The bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA gene abundances showed significant temporal variation. Meanwhile, the bacterial and archaeal structures showed temporal but not spatial variation in the wetland and did not change in the Liaohe River after wetland drainage. Moreover, the bacterial communities tended to have higher diversity in the wetland water in summer and in the scarce zone, while a relatively higher diversity of archaeal communities was found in autumn and in the intensive zone. DO, pH and PO4-P were proven to be the essential environmental parameters shaping the planktonic bacterial and archaeal community structures in the Liaohe River estuarine wetland (LEW). The LEW had a high potential for methanogenesis, which could be reflected by the composition of the microbial communities.

SUBMITTER: Li M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7074933 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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