### Two-qubit quantum gate and entanglement protected by circulant symmetry.

*Ontology highlight*

**ABSTRACT**: We propose a method for the realization of the two-qubit quantum Fourier transform (QFT) using a Hamiltonian which possesses the circulant symmetry. Importantly, the eigenvectors of the circulant matrices are the Fourier modes and do not depend on the magnitude of the Hamiltonian elements as long as the circulant symmetry is preserved. The QFT implementation relies on the adiabatic transition from each of the spin product states to the respective quantum Fourier superposition states. We show that in ion traps one can obtain a Hamiltonian with the circulant symmetry by tuning the spin-spin interaction between the trapped ions. We present numerical results which demonstrate that very high fidelity can be obtained with realistic experimental resources. We also describe how the gate can be accelerated by using a "shortcut-to-adiabaticity" field.

**PROVIDER: **S-EPMC7081313 | BioStudies |

**REPOSITORIES: ** biostudies

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