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Tumor-intrinsic CD47 signal regulates glycolysis and promotes colorectal cancer cell growth and metastasis.

ABSTRACT: Rationale: CD47 plays a vital role in the immune escape of tumor cells, but its role in regulating immune-unrelated biological processes such as proliferation and metastasis remains unclear. We seek to explore the immune-independent functions of CD47 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: The expression of CD47 in CRC was determined by immunohistochemistry. The biological effect of CD47 signaling on tumor cell proliferation and metastasis was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. RNA sequencing analysis was performed to identify pivotal signaling pathways modulated by CD47. The interaction between CD47 and ENO1 was verified by co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP). The effect of CD47 on glycolytic metabolites was analyzed by seahorse XF and targeted metabolomics. Results: The expression of CD47 was upregulated and correlated to poor prognosis in CRC patients. Functional assays revealed that CD47 promoted CRC cell growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Our mechanistic investigations demonstrated that CD47 interacted with ENO1 and protected it from ubiquitin-mediated degradation, subsequently promoting glycolytic activity and phosphorylation of ERK in CRC cells. Inhibition of ENO1 diminished CD47-mediated cell growth and migration. Clinically, the combined expression of CD47 and ENO1 provided reliable predictive biomarkers for the prognosis of CRC patients. Conclusions: CD47 is overexpressed in CRC, and its expression is associated with poor prognosis. Through stabilizing ENO1, CD47 enhances the aerobic glycolysis and ERK activity in CRC cells, thereby promoting the progression of CRC. Our studies reveal an unconventional role of CD47, suggesting that targeting the CD47-ENO1 axis may provide a novel therapeutic avenue for CRC.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7086360 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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