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Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in patients with previous abdominal biliary tract operations.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:A history of abdominal biliary tract surgery has been identified as a relative contraindication for laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE), and there are very few reports about laparoscopic procedures in patients with a history of abdominal biliary tract surgery. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of 227 consecutive patients with previous abdominal biliary tract operations at our institution between December 2013 and June 2019. A total of 110 consecutive patients underwent LCBDE, and 117 consecutive patients underwent open common bile duct exploration (OCBDE). Patient demographics and perioperative variables were compared between the two groups. RESULTS:The LCBDE group performed significantly better than the OCBDE group with respect to estimated blood loss [30 (5-700) vs. 50 (10-1800) ml; p?=?0.041], remnant common bile duct (CBD) stones (17 vs. 28%; p?=?0.050), postoperative hospital stay [7 (3-78) vs. 8.5 (4.5-74) days; p?=?0.041], and time to oral intake [2.5 (1-7) vs. 3 (2-24) days; p?=?0.015]. There were no significant differences in the operation time [170 (60-480) vs. 180 (41-330) minutes; p?=?0.067]. A total of 19 patients (17%) in the LCBDE group were converted to open surgery. According to Clavien's classification of complications, the LCBDE group had significantly fewer postoperative complications than the OCBDE group (40 vs. 57; p?=?0.045). There was no mortality in either group. Multiple previous operations (??2 times), a history of open surgery, and previous biliary tract surgery (including bile duct or gallbladder?+?bile duct other than cholecystectomy alone) were risk factors for postoperative adhesion (p?=?0.000, p?=?0.000, and p?=?0.000, respectively). CONCLUSION:LCBDE is ultimately the least invasive, safest, and the most effective treatment option for patients with previous abdominal biliary tract operations and is especially suitable for those with a history of cholecystectomy, few previous operations (

SUBMITTER: Li M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7093335 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.14701/kjhbps.2012.16.4.154

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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