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CD28-Dependent CTLA-4 Expression Fine-Tunes the Activation of Human Th17 Cells.

ABSTRACT: Previous work has demonstrated that Th17 memory cells but not Th1 cells are resistant to CD28/CTLA-4 blockade with CTLA-4 Ig, leading us to investigate the individual roles of the CD28 and CTLA-4 cosignaling pathways on Th1 versus Th17 cells. We found that selective CD28 blockade with a domain antibody (dAb) inhibited Th1 cells but surprisingly augmented Th17 responses. CD28 agonism resulted in a profound increase in CTLA-4 expression in Th17 cells as compared with Th1 cells. Consistent with these findings, inhibition of the CD28 signaling protein AKT revealed that CTLA-4 expression on Th17 cells was more significantly reduced by AKT inhibition relative to CTLA-4 expression on Th17 cells. Finally, we found that FOXO1 and FOXO3 overexpression restrained high expression of CTLA-4 on Th17 cells but not Th1 cells. This study demonstrates that the heterogeneity of the CD4+ T cell compartment has implications for the immunomodulation of pathologic T cell responses.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7096747 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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