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OsVPE3 Mediates GA-induced Programmed Cell Death in Rice Aleurone Layers via Interacting with Actin Microfilaments.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Vacuolar processing enzymes (VPEs) have been identified as the enzymes that regulate vacuole-mediated programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. The mechanism that VPE regulates the PCD in rice aleurone layers remains unknown. RESULTS:The aleurone layers treated with distilled water exerted caspase-1 and VPE activity, both of which were inhibited by the caspase-1 specific inhibitor Ac-YVAD-CMK but not by the caspase-3 specific inhibitor Ac-DEVD-CHO. However, the caspase-1 and caspase-3 inhibitors weakened the activity of caspase-3. Combined with the effects of endogenous gibberellin (GA) on the induction of OsVPEs, we suggest that the OsVPE3 in the aleurone layers, which exhibits caspase-1-like activity, is a key molecule in GA-induced PCD via regulating the protease with caspase-3-like activity. Many studies have confirmed that vacuolar fusion is an important feature of vacuole-mediated PCD in plants. In this experiment, the process of vacuole fusion was accompanied by changes in the structure of actin filaments (AFs), specifically, their depolymerization and polymerization. The process of vacuolar fusion was accelerated or delayed by the promotion or inhibition of the depolymerization of AFs, respectively. Here, the inhibition of OsVPE3 blocked the depolymerization of AFs and delayed the fusion of vacuoles, indicating that OsVPE3 can regulate the fusion of vacuoles in rice aleurone layers via mediating AFs. Furthermore, the depolymerization of AFs contributed to the up-regulation of OsVPE3 gene expression and VPE activity, resulting in accelerated PCD in rice aleurone layers. However, the inhibitor of VPE reversed the effects of AF depolymerization on the activity of VPE, then postponing the process of PCD, implying that AF can involve in GA-induced PCD of rice aleurone layers by mediating OsVPE3. CONCLUSIONS:Together, activation of OsVPE3 and depolymerization of AFs shortened the process of vacuolation and PCD in rice aleurone layers, and OsVPE3 interacted with AFs during regulation.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7105518 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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