PurposeThe preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic defects (PGT-M) is a beneficial strategy for the patients suffering from a Mendelian disease, which could protect their offspring from inheriting the disease. The purpose of this study is to report the effectiveness of PGT-M based on karyomapping for three cases of dynamic mutation diseases with trinucleotide repeat expansion.
MethodsPGT-M was carried out on three couples, whose family members were diagnosed with Huntington's disease or spinocerebellar ataxias 2 or 12. The whole genome amplification was obtained using the multiple displacement amplification (MDA) method. Then, karyomapping was performed to detect the allele that is carrying the trinucleotide repeat expansion using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) linkage analyses, and the copy number variations (CNVs) of the embryos were also identified. Prenatal diagnosis was performed to validate the accuracy of PGT-M.
ResultsPGT-M was successfully performed on the three couples, and they accepted the transfers of euploid blastocysts without the relevant pathogenic allele. The clinical pregnancies were acquired and the prenatal diagnosis of the three families confirmed the effectiveness of karyomapping. The three born babies were healthy and free of the pathogenic alleles HTT, ATXN2, or PPP2R2B corresponding to Huntington's disease, spinocerebellar ataxias 2 or 12, respectively.
ConclusionThis study shows that karyomapping is a highly powerful and efficient approach for dynamic mutation detection in preimplantation embryos. In this work, we first report the birth of healthy babies that are free of the pathogenic gene for dynamic mutation diseases in patients receiving PGT-M by karyomapping.