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Inhibition of Microglial TGF? Signaling Increases Expression of Mrc1.


ABSTRACT: Microglia are constantly surveying their microenvironment and rapidly react to impairments by changing their morphology, migrating toward stimuli and adopting gene expression profiles characterizing their activated state. The increased expression of the M2-like marker Mannose receptor 1 (Mrc1), which is also referred to as CD206, in microglia has been reported after M2-like activation in vitro and in vivo. Mrc1 is a 175-kDa transmembrane pattern recognition receptor which binds a variety of carbohydrates and is involved in the pinocytosis and the phagocytosis of immune cells, including microglia, and thought to contribute to a neuroprotective microglial phenotype. Here we analyzed the effects of TGF? signaling on Mrc1 expression in microglia in vivo and in vitro. Using C57BL/6 wild type and Cx3cr1 CreERT2 :R26-YFP:Tgfbr2 fl/fl mice-derived microglia, we show that the silencing of TGF? signaling results in the upregulation of Mrc1, whereas recombinant TGF?1 induced the delayed downregulation of Mrc1. Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments provided evidence that Mrc1 is not a direct Smad2/Smad4 target gene in microglia. Altogether our data indicate that the changes in Mrc1 expression after the activation or the silencing of microglial TGF? signaling are likely to be mediated by modifications of the secondary intracellular signaling events influenced by TGF? signaling.

SUBMITTER: von Ehr A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7137652 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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